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Bryophyte stable isotope composition, diversity and biomass define tropical montane cloud forest extent

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dc.contributor.author Horwath, Aline B. en
dc.contributor.author Royles, Jessica en
dc.contributor.author Tito, Richard en
dc.contributor.author Gudiño, José A. en
dc.contributor.author Salazar Allen, Noris en
dc.contributor.author Farfan-Rios, William en
dc.contributor.author Rapp, Joshua M. en
dc.contributor.author Silman, Miles R. en
dc.contributor.author Malhi, Yadvinder en
dc.contributor.author Swamy, Varun en
dc.contributor.author Latorre Farfan, Jean Paul en
dc.contributor.author Griffiths, Howard en
dc.date.accessioned 2019-07-30T02:02:12Z
dc.date.available 2019-07-30T02:02:12Z
dc.date.issued 2019
dc.identifier.citation Horwath, Aline B., Royles, Jessica, Tito, Richard, Gudiño, José A., Salazar Allen, Noris, Farfan-Rios, William, Rapp, Joshua M., Silman, Miles R., Malhi, Yadvinder, Swamy, Varun, Latorre Farfan, Jean Paul, and Griffiths, Howard. 2019. "<a href="https://repository.si.edu/handle/10088/98349">Bryophyte stable isotope composition, diversity and biomass define tropical montane cloud forest extent</a>." <em>Proceedings.Biological Sciences</em>. 286 (1895):1&ndash;9. <a href="https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2018.2284">https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2018.2284</a> en
dc.identifier.issn 0962-8452
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10088/98349
dc.description.abstract Liverworts and mosses are a major component of the epiphyte flora of tropical montane forest ecosystems. Canopy access was used to analyse the distribution and vertical stratification of bryophyte epiphytes within tree crowns at nine forest sites across a 3400 m elevational gradient in Peru, from the Amazonian basin to the high Andes. The stable isotope compositions of bryophyte organic material (13C/12C and 18O/16O) are associated with surface water diffusive limitations and, along with C/N content, provide a generic index for the extent of cloud immersion. From lowland to cloud forest δ13C increased from -33⠰ to -27⠰, while δ18O increased from 16.3⠰ to 18.0⠰. Epiphytic bryophyte and associated canopy soil biomass in the cloud immersion zone was estimated at up to 45 t dry mass ha-1, and overall water holding capacity was equivalent to a 20 mm precipitation event. The study emphasizes the importance of diverse bryophyte communities in sequestering carbon in threatened habitats, with stable isotope analysis allowing future elevational shifts in the cloud base associated with changes in climate to be tracked. en
dc.relation.ispartof Proceedings.Biological Sciences en
dc.title Bryophyte stable isotope composition, diversity and biomass define tropical montane cloud forest extent en
dc.type Journal Article en
dc.identifier.srbnumber 151813
dc.identifier.doi 10.1098/rspb.2018.2284
rft.jtitle Proceedings.Biological Sciences
rft.volume 286
rft.issue 1895
rft.spage 1
rft.epage 9
dc.description.SIUnit STRI en
dc.description.SIUnit Peer-reviewed en
dc.citation.spage 1
dc.citation.epage 9

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