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Pupation Sites and Conservation of Frosted Elfins (Lycaenidae) in Maryland, USA

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dc.contributor.author Selfridge, J. en
dc.contributor.author Bachran, K. en
dc.contributor.author McElveen, D. en
dc.contributor.author Robbins, Robert K. en
dc.contributor.author Ransom, T. en
dc.date.accessioned 2019-07-02T13:33:06Z
dc.date.available 2019-07-02T13:33:06Z
dc.date.issued 2019
dc.identifier.citation Selfridge, J., Bachran, K., McElveen, D., Robbins, Robert K., and Ransom, T. 2019. "<a href="https://repository.si.edu/handle/10088/98130">Pupation Sites and Conservation of Frosted Elfins (Lycaenidae) in Maryland, USA</a>." <em>Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society</em>. 72 (2):87&ndash;92. en
dc.identifier.issn 0024-0966
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10088/98130
dc.description.abstract ABSTRACT. The frosted elfin (Callophrys irus Godart) is a globally rare butterfly that inhabits disturbance-dependent habitats often managed by prescribed fire. Natural history observations and published data are equivocal on whether frosted elfin caterpillars pupate below or above the soil surface, and some evidence suggests that pupation sites differ for caterpillars that feed on lupine (Lupinus spp.) versus wild indigo (Baptisia spp.). Pupation site has important implications for management because pupae located beneath the soil surface will likely be afforded greater protection from fire than those above the soil surface. Our study of both lupine- and indigo-feeding larvae at a single site in Worcester County, Maryland, found that pupation occurs above the soil surface in the leaf litter 92% of the time, and does not differ significantly with food plant preference. We recommend that land managers using prescribed fire as a habitat management tool for frosted elfin habitat assume some level of pupal mortality in burned areas and utilize a rotational burn schedule that maintains areas of unburned refugia in high-density elfin areas. We also recommend that managers try to establish a metapopulation structure for frosted elfin to address the possibility of natural occurring fires. en
dc.relation.ispartof Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society en
dc.title Pupation Sites and Conservation of Frosted Elfins (Lycaenidae) in Maryland, USA en
dc.type Journal Article en
dc.identifier.srbnumber 151620
rft.jtitle Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society
rft.volume 72
rft.issue 2
rft.spage 87
rft.epage 92
dc.description.SIUnit NH-Entomology en
dc.description.SIUnit NMNH en
dc.citation.spage 87
dc.citation.epage 92

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