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Historical change in a Caribbean reef sponge community and long-term loss of sponge predators

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dc.contributor.author Lukowiak, Magdalena en
dc.contributor.author Cramer, Katie L. en
dc.contributor.author Madzia, Daniel en
dc.contributor.author Hynes, Michael G. en
dc.contributor.author Norris, Richard D. en
dc.contributor.author O'Dea, Aaron en
dc.date.accessioned 2018-09-19T06:01:47Z
dc.date.available 2018-09-19T06:01:47Z
dc.date.issued 2018
dc.identifier.citation Łukowiak, Magdalena, Cramer, Katie L., Madzia, Daniel, Hynes, Michael G., Norris, Richard D., and O'Dea, Aaron. 2018. "<a href="https://repository.si.edu/handle/10088/94309">Historical change in a Caribbean reef sponge community and long-term loss of sponge predators</a>." <em>Marine Ecology Progress Series</em>. 601:127&ndash;137. <a href="https://doi.org/10.3354/meps12694">https://doi.org/10.3354/meps12694</a> en
dc.identifier.issn 0171-8630
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10088/94309
dc.description.abstract Sponges are an ecologically important component of modern Caribbean coral reefs. However, little is known about the structure of sponge communities prior to the large-scale degradation of Caribbean reef ecosystems. Here we explore changes in the sponge community over the past millennium by analyzing the composition of sponge spicules from a sediment core collected from a lagoonal reef within the archipelago of Bocas del Toro, Caribbean Panama. The analysis reveals a change in spicule composition that began approximately 400 yr ago. During this time, the share of monaxial spicules, belonging mostly to haplosclerid and axinellid sponges, decreased while the relative number of spherical spicules, found typically in Placospongia, Geodia, and some chondrillids, increased. These results were compared with previously published data on parrotfish, corals, and reef accretion rates obtained from the same core. The increased share of spherical spicules did not correlate with contemporaneous declines in the abundance of parrotfish (determined from fish teeth) or with trends in the relative abundance of dominant coral species (determined from coral skeletal remains) but was weakly correlated with reef accretion rates (determined from sediment accumulation rates). Spicule morphogroup diversity and evenness increased over the past ~400 yr, suggesting community changes were not due to reef environments becoming less habitable for reef sponges. Although not tested directly, the increase in spherical spicules may be due to declines in the abundance of sea turtles that preferentially feed on sponges that contain these spicule types. en
dc.relation.ispartof Marine Ecology Progress Series en
dc.title Historical change in a Caribbean reef sponge community and long-term loss of sponge predators en
dc.type Journal Article en
dc.identifier.srbnumber 148588
dc.identifier.doi 10.3354/meps12694
rft.jtitle Marine Ecology Progress Series
rft.volume 601
rft.spage 127
rft.epage 137
dc.description.SIUnit STRI en
dc.description.SIUnit Peer-reviewed en
dc.citation.spage 127
dc.citation.epage 137

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