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A Molecular Phylogenetic Survey of <I>Caprimulgiform</I> Nightbirds Illustrates the Utility of Non-coding Sequences

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dc.contributor.author Braun, Michael J. en
dc.contributor.author Huddleston, Christopher J. en
dc.date.accessioned 2018-08-31T18:34:19Z
dc.date.available 2018-08-31T18:34:19Z
dc.date.issued 2009
dc.identifier.citation Braun, Michael J. and Huddleston, Christopher J. 2009. "A Molecular Phylogenetic Survey of Caprimulgiform Nightbirds Illustrates the Utility of Non-coding Sequences." <em>Molecular phylogenetics and evolution</em>. 53 (3):948&ndash;960. <a href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2009.08.025">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2009.08.025</a> en
dc.identifier.issn 1055-7903
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10088/92907
dc.description.abstract The order <I>Caprimulgiformes</I> comprises five bird families adapted to nocturnal activity. The order has been regarded as monophyletic, but recent evidence suggests that swifts and hummingbirds (<I>Apodiformes</I>) belong within it. To explore the group&#39;s phylogeny, we obtained more than 2000 bp of DNA sequence from the cytochrome b and c-myc genes for 35 taxa, representing all major lineages and outgroups. Non-coding sequences of the c-myc gene were unsaturated, readily alignable and contained numerous informative insertions and deletions (indels), signalling broad utility for higher level phylogenetics. A 12 bp insertion in c-myc links <I>Apodiformes</I> with owlet-nightjars, confirming paraphyly of the traditional <I>Caprimulgiformes</I>. However, even this rare genomic change is homoplasious when all birds are considered. Monophyly of each of the five traditional families was strongly confirmed, but relationships among families were poorly resolved. The tree structure argues against family status for <I>Eurostopodus </I>and<I> Batrachostomus</I>, which should be retained in <I>Caprimulgidae</I> and <I>Podargidae</I>, respectively. The genus <I>Caprimulgus</I> and both subfamilies of <I>Caprimulgidae</I> appear to be polyphyletic. The phylogeny elucidates the evolution of adaptive traits such as nocturnality and hypothermia, but whether nocturnality evolved once or multiple times is an open question. en
dc.relation.ispartof Molecular phylogenetics and evolution en
dc.title A Molecular Phylogenetic Survey of <I>Caprimulgiform</I> Nightbirds Illustrates the Utility of Non-coding Sequences en
dc.type Journal Article en
dc.identifier.srbnumber 80934
dc.identifier.doi 10.1016/j.ympev.2009.08.025
rft.jtitle Molecular phylogenetics and evolution
rft.volume 53
rft.issue 3
rft.spage 948
rft.epage 960
dc.description.SIUnit NH-Vertebrate Zoology en
dc.description.SIUnit NMNH en
dc.citation.spage 948
dc.citation.epage 960


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