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Retrospective Study of Morbidity and Mortality of Captive Jaguars (Panthera onca) in North America: 1982–2002

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dc.contributor.author Hope, Katharine
dc.contributor.author Deem, Sharon
dc.date.accessioned 2007-01-05T13:19:36Z
dc.date.available 2007-01-05T13:19:36Z
dc.date.issued 2006
dc.identifier.citation Zoo Biology 25:501–512 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10088/900
dc.description.abstract One hundred seventy-two medical records of captive jaguars (Panthera onca )were examined from 30 American Zoo and Aquarium Association (AZA)institu- tions housing jaguars between 1982 –2002.The study determined common causes of morbidity and mortality,and the in fluence of age,gender,and melengestrol-acetate (MGA)exposure on these rates.The most common causes of morbidity in captive jaguars were found to be dental,gastrointestinal, integumentary,and musculoskeletal diseases.Prevalence of types of disease varied with age,with older animals experiencing a higher prevalence of multiple types of disease.Females developed reproductive disease more frequently than males,and the data suggest that MGA exposure increased the risk of developing female reproductive disease.The most common causes of mortality were reproductive diseases in females and musculoskeletal diseases in males. There was a high rate of neonate and pediatric mortality,primarily due to stillbirths or unexplained neonatal death,trauma,and pneumonia.Other diseases or clinical signs that seemed remarkable were a high prevalence of episodes of epistaxis among young,as well as old,jaguars.Based on these findings, management suggestions for the captive jaguar population are presented. en
dc.description.sponsorship The authors thank the Friends of the National Zoo for providing funds for this research and Bob Wiese for providing SSP information.Additionally,the authors are grateful to the veterinary staffs of all the contributing zoos,including:Abilene Zoological Gardens,Akron Zoological Park,Audubon Zoo,Caldwell Zoo,Denver Zoo,Elmwood Park Zoo,Erie Zoological Gardens,Fort Worth Zoo,Gladys Porter Zoo,Granby Zoo,Henry Doorly Zoo,Houston Zoo,Jacksonville Zoological Gardens,Knoxville Zoo,Lee Richardson Zoo,Louisville Zoological Gardens, Memphis Zoo,Milwaukee County Zoo,Smithsonian National Zoological Park, Oklahoma City Zoo,Palm Beach Zoo,Philadelphia Zoo,Rio Grande Zoo, Sacramento Zoo,Saint Louis Zoological Park,Salisbury Zoo,San Antonio Zoo, San Diego Zoo,Tulsa Zoo,and Woodland Park Zoological Gardens. en
dc.format.extent 153581 bytes
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso en
dc.publisher Wiley Interscience en
dc.subject epistaxis en
dc.subject melengestrol-acetate exposure en
dc.subject reproductive disease en
dc.subject musculoskeletal disease en
dc.title Retrospective Study of Morbidity and Mortality of Captive Jaguars (Panthera onca) in North America: 1982–2002 en
dc.type Article en

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