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Origins and antiquity of the island fox (Urocyon littoralis) on California's Channel Islands

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dc.contributor.author Rick, Torben C. en
dc.contributor.author Erlandson, Jon M. en
dc.contributor.author Vellanoweth, René L. en
dc.contributor.author Braje, Todd J. en
dc.contributor.author Collins, Paul W. en
dc.contributor.author Guthrie, Daniel A. en
dc.contributor.author Stafford Jr., Thomas W. en
dc.date.accessioned 2009-10-05T13:43:33Z
dc.date.available 2009-10-05T13:43:33Z
dc.date.issued 2009
dc.identifier.citation Rick, Torben C., Erlandson, Jon M., Vellanoweth, René L., Braje, Todd J., Collins, Paul W., Guthrie, Daniel A., and Stafford Jr., Thomas W. 2009. "<a href="https://repository.si.edu/handle/10088/8210">Origins and antiquity of the island fox (Urocyon littoralis) on California&#39;s Channel Islands</a>." <em>Quaternary Research</em>. 71 (2):93&ndash;98. <a href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.yqres.2008.12.003">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.yqres.2008.12.003</a> en
dc.identifier.issn 0033-5894
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10088/8210
dc.description.abstract The island fox (Urocyon littoralis) is one of few reportedly endemic terrestrial mammals on California&#39;s Channel Islands. Questions remain about how and when foxes first colonized the islands, with researchers speculating on a natural, human-assisted, or combined dispersal during the late Pleistocene and/or Holocene. A natural dispersal of foxes to the northern Channel Islands has been supported by reports of a few fox bones from late Pleistocene paleontological localities. Direct AMS 14C dating of these &quot;fossil&quot; fox bones produced dates ranging from ~ 6400 to 200 cal yr BP, however, postdating human colonization of the islands by several millennia. Although one of these specimens is the earliest securely dated fox from the islands, these new data support the hypothesis that Native Americans introduced foxes to all the Channel Islands in the early to middle Holocene. However, a natural dispersal for the original island colonization cannot be ruled out until further paleontological, archaeological, and genetic studies (especially aDNA [ancient DNA]) are conducted. en
dc.format.extent 489811 bytes
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso en_US
dc.relation.ispartof Quaternary Research en
dc.title Origins and antiquity of the island fox (Urocyon littoralis) on California&#39;s Channel Islands en
dc.type Journal Article en
dc.identifier.srbnumber 77518
dc.identifier.doi 10.1016/j.yqres.2008.12.003
rft.jtitle Quaternary Research
rft.volume 71
rft.issue 2
rft.spage 93
rft.epage 98
dc.description.SIUnit NH-Anthropology en
dc.description.SIUnit NMNH en
dc.citation.spage 93
dc.citation.epage 98

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