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The relative importance of mangroves and seagrass beds as feeding areas for resident and transient fishes among different mangrove habitats in Florida and Belize: Evidence from dietary and stable-isotope analyses

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dc.contributor.author Vaslet, Amandine en
dc.contributor.author Phillips, D. L. en
dc.contributor.author France, Christine A. M. en
dc.contributor.author Feller, Ilka C. en
dc.contributor.author Baldwin, Carole C. en
dc.date.accessioned 2018-08-31T18:26:29Z
dc.date.available 2018-08-31T18:26:29Z
dc.date.issued 2012
dc.identifier.citation Vaslet, Amandine, Phillips, D. L., France, Christine A. M., Feller, Ilka C., and Baldwin, Carole C. 2012. "<a href="https://repository.si.edu/handle/10088/79105">The relative importance of mangroves and seagrass beds as feeding areas for resident and transient fishes among different mangrove habitats in Florida and Belize: Evidence from dietary and stable-isotope analyses</a>." <em>Journal of experimental marine biology and ecology</em>. 434-435:81&ndash;93. <a href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jembe.2012.07.024">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jembe.2012.07.024</a> en
dc.identifier.issn 0022-0981
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10088/79105
dc.description.abstract In the western Atlantic region, the contribution of mangrove food sources to fish diets has been considered of more limited importance than previously expected due to the proximity of mangroves to adjacent potential food sources such as those in seagrass beds. To investigate the influence of different types of mangrove habitats on the relative contribution of mangrove and seagrass food sources in fish diets, four mangrove habitats adjacent to seagrass beds were studied in Florida and Belize using gut-contents and stable-isotope analyses: mangrove fringe forests, basin mangrove, mangrove ponds and overwash mangrove islets. Carbon and nitrogen stable isotope compositions of 41 fish taxa and an array of potential primary (microphytobenthos, litter, seagrass leaves and their epiphytes, algae, plankton) and secondary (benthic invertebrates) prey were analyzed with SIAR mixing models to examine food source contributions in fish diets relative to habitat type. In all study sites, d13C values of mangrove prey were significantly depleted relative to those from seagrass beds, allowing stable isotopes to provide reliable insights about origins of fish food. Seagrass prey located near basin mangroves in the Indian River Lagoon (IRL, Florida) had more negative d13C signatures than seagrass prey adjacent to fringing mangroves of the Florida Keys, suggesting that seagrass from the IRL incorporated dissolved inorganic carbon from mangroves. Contributions of mangrove and seagrass prey to fish diets were influenced by type of mangrove habitat and fish residency status. Resident species significantly relied on mangrove prey, whereas only four transients foraged in mangroves. Most transient fishes occurring in basin and fringing mangroves actively foraged in nearby seagrass beds, thus reinforcing the limited role of mangroves as fish foraging habitat for transient species. However, a shift in fish diet was observed for transient species from mangrove ponds, in which they relied on mangrove prey. In overwash mangroves (Belize), the enriched carbon signatures of fishes and the generally higher contributions of seagrass prey to fish diets suggest that fishes derived most of their food from seagrass beds. This trend was particularly highlighted for juvenile reef fishes that shelter in mangroves but forage in nearby seagrass beds. These findings emphasize the importance of considering fish ecology (residency and life status) and type of mangrove habitat when assessing the contribution of mangrove prey to fish food webs in the western Atlantic region. en
dc.relation.ispartof Journal of experimental marine biology and ecology en
dc.title The relative importance of mangroves and seagrass beds as feeding areas for resident and transient fishes among different mangrove habitats in Florida and Belize: Evidence from dietary and stable-isotope analyses en
dc.type Journal Article en
dc.identifier.srbnumber 112613
dc.identifier.doi 10.1016/j.jembe.2012.07.024
rft.jtitle Journal of experimental marine biology and ecology
rft.volume 434-435
rft.spage 81
rft.epage 93
dc.description.SIUnit MCI en
dc.description.SIUnit NH-SMS en
dc.description.SIUnit NMNH en
dc.description.SIUnit SERC en
dc.description.SIUnit Peer-reviewed en
dc.citation.spage 81
dc.citation.epage 93


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