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Coral Reefs Under Rapid Climate Change and Ocean Acidification

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dc.contributor.author Hoegh-Guldberg, O. en
dc.contributor.author Mumby, P. J. en
dc.contributor.author Hooten, A. J. en
dc.contributor.author Steneck, Robert S. en
dc.contributor.author Greenfield, P. en
dc.contributor.author Gomez, E. en
dc.contributor.author Harvell, C. D. en
dc.contributor.author Sale, P. F. en
dc.contributor.author Edwards, A. J. en
dc.contributor.author Caldeira, K. en
dc.contributor.author Knowlton, Nancy en
dc.contributor.author Eakin, C. M. en
dc.contributor.author Iglesias-Prieto, R. en
dc.contributor.author Muthiga, N. en
dc.contributor.author Bradbury, Roger H. en
dc.contributor.author Dubi, A. en
dc.contributor.author Hatziolos, M. E. en
dc.date.accessioned 2008-08-22T17:21:25Z
dc.date.available 2008-08-22T17:21:25Z
dc.date.issued 2007
dc.identifier.citation Hoegh-Guldberg, O., Mumby, P. J., Hooten, A. J., Steneck, Robert S., Greenfield, P., Gomez, E., Harvell, C. D., Sale, P. F., Edwards, A. J., Caldeira, K., Knowlton, Nancy, Eakin, C. M., Iglesias-Prieto, R., Muthiga, N., Bradbury, Roger H., Dubi, A., and Hatziolos, M. E. 2007. "<a href="https://repository.si.edu/handle/10088/6211">Coral Reefs Under Rapid Climate Change and Ocean Acidification</a>." <em>Science</em>. 318 (5857):1737&ndash;1742. <a href="https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1152509">https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1152509</a> en
dc.identifier.issn 0036-8075
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10088/6211
dc.description.abstract Atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration is expected to exceed 500 parts per million and global temperatures to rise by at least 2{degrees}C by 2050 to 2100, values that significantly exceed those of at least the past 420,000 years during which most extant marine organisms evolved. Under conditions expected in the 21st century, global warming and ocean acidification will compromise carbonate accretion, with corals becoming increasingly rare on reef systems. The result will be less diverse reef communities and carbonate reef structures that fail to be maintained. Climate change also exacerbates local stresses from declining water quality and overexploitation of key species, driving reefs increasingly toward the tipping point for functional collapse. This review presents future scenarios for coral reefs that predict increasingly serious consequences for reef-associated fisheries, tourism, coastal protection, and people. As the International Year of the Reef 2008 begins, scaled-up management intervention and decisive action on global emissions are required if the loss of coral-dominated ecosystems is to be avoided. en
dc.format.extent 472577 bytes
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso en_US
dc.relation.ispartof Science en
dc.title Coral Reefs Under Rapid Climate Change and Ocean Acidification en
dc.type Journal Article en
dc.identifier.srbnumber 73203
dc.identifier.doi 10.1126/science.1152509
rft.jtitle Science
rft.volume 318
rft.issue 5857
rft.spage 1737
rft.epage 1742
dc.description.SIUnit NMNH en
dc.description.SIUnit NH-Invertebrate Zoology en
dc.citation.spage 1737
dc.citation.epage 1742

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