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An experimental investigation of cut mark production and stone tool attrition

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dc.contributor.author Braun, David R. en
dc.contributor.author Pobiner, Briana L. en
dc.contributor.author Thompson, J. C. en
dc.date.accessioned 2008-08-01T19:49:13Z
dc.date.available 2008-08-01T19:49:13Z
dc.date.issued 2008
dc.identifier.citation Braun, David R., Pobiner, Briana L., and Thompson, J. C. 2008. "<a href="https%3A%2F%2Frepository.si.edu%2Fhandle%2F10088%2F6079">An experimental investigation of cut mark production and stone tool attrition</a>." <em>Journal of Archaeological Science</em>. 35 (5):1216&ndash;1223. <a href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jas.2007.08.015">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jas.2007.08.015</a> en
dc.identifier.issn 0305-4403
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10088/6079
dc.description.abstract In discussions of Paleolithic hominin behavior it is often assumed that cut marks are an unwanted byproduct of butchery activities, and that their production causes the dulling of stone tool edges. It is also presumed that Paleolithic butchers would have refrained from making cut marks to extend the use life of their tools. We conducted a series of butchery experiments designed to test the hypothesis that cut marks affect the use life of tools. Results suggest cut marks are not associated with edge attrition of simple flake tools, and therefore it is unlikely that Paleolithic butchers would have avoided contact between bone surfaces and tool edges. Edge attrition is, however, significantly greater during skinning and disarticulation than during defleshing. This suggests that skinning and disarticulation activities would require more tool edges relative to butchery events focused purely on defleshing. Differences between the number of cut-marked bones relative to the number of stone artifacts deposited at taphonomically comparable archaeological localities may be explicable in terms of different types of butchery activities conducted there, rather than strictly the timing of carcass access by hominins. Archaeological localities with higher artifact discard rates relative to raw material availability may represent an emphasis on activities associated with higher edge attrition (e.g. skinning or disarticulation). (C) 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. en
dc.format.extent 283426 bytes
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso en_US
dc.relation.ispartof Journal of Archaeological Science en
dc.title An experimental investigation of cut mark production and stone tool attrition en
dc.type Journal Article en
dc.identifier.srbnumber 59887
dc.identifier.doi 10.1016/j.jas.2007.08.015
rft.jtitle Journal of Archaeological Science
rft.volume 35
rft.issue 5
rft.spage 1216
rft.epage 1223
dc.description.SIUnit NMNH en
dc.description.SIUnit NH-Anthropology en
dc.citation.spage 1216
dc.citation.epage 1223

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