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<I>Batrachochytrium salamandrivorans</I> not detected in US survey of pet salamanders

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dc.contributor.author Klocke, Blake en
dc.contributor.author Becker, Matthew H. en
dc.contributor.author Lewis, James en
dc.contributor.author Fleischer, Robert C. en
dc.contributor.author Muletz-Wolz, Carly R. en
dc.contributor.author Rockwood, Larry en
dc.contributor.author Aguirre, A. Alonso en
dc.contributor.author Gratwicke, Brian en
dc.date.accessioned 2017-10-27T09:01:38Z
dc.date.available 2017-10-27T09:01:38Z
dc.date.issued 2017
dc.identifier.citation Klocke, Blake, Becker, Matthew H., Lewis, James, Fleischer, Robert C., Muletz-Wolz, Carly R., Rockwood, Larry, Aguirre, A. Alonso, and Gratwicke, Brian. 2017. "<a href="https://repository.si.edu/handle/10088/33786">Batrachochytrium salamandrivorans not detected in US survey of pet salamanders</a>." <em>Scientific Reports</em>. 7:13132. <a href="https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-13500-2">https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-13500-2</a> en
dc.identifier.issn 2045-2322
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10088/33786
dc.description.abstract We engaged pet salamander owners in the United States to screen their animals for two amphibian chytrid fungal pathogens Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd) and B. salamandrivorans (Bsal). We provided pet owners with a sampling kit and instructional video to swab the skin of their animals. We received 639 salamander samples from 65 species by mail, and tested them for Bd and Bsal using qPCR. We detected Bd on 1.3% of salamanders (95% CI 0.0053-0.0267) and did not detect Bsal (95% CI 0.0000-0.0071). If Bsal is present in the U.S. population of pet salamanders, it occurs at a very low prevalence. The United States Fish and Wildlife Service listed 201 species of salamanders as &quot;injurious wildlife&quot; under the Lacey Act (18 U.S.C. +/- 42) on January 28, 2016, a precautionary action to prevent the introduction of Bsal to the U.S. through the importation of salamanders. This action reduced the number of salamanders imported to the U.S. from 2015 to 2016 by 98.4%. Our results indicate that continued precautions should be taken to prevent the introduction and establishment of Bsal in the U. S., which is a hotspot of salamander biodiversity. en
dc.relation.ispartof Scientific Reports en
dc.title <I>Batrachochytrium salamandrivorans</I> not detected in US survey of pet salamanders en
dc.type Journal Article en
dc.identifier.srbnumber 144227
dc.identifier.doi 10.1038/s41598-017-13500-2
rft.jtitle Scientific Reports
rft.volume 7
rft.spage 13132
dc.description.SIUnit NZP en
dc.citation.spage 13132


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