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Native plants improve breeding and foraging habitat for an insectivorous bird

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dc.contributor.author Narango, Desiree L. en
dc.contributor.author Tallamy, Douglas W. en
dc.contributor.author Marra, Peter P. en
dc.date.accessioned 2017-10-07T09:00:33Z
dc.date.available 2017-10-07T09:00:33Z
dc.date.issued 2017
dc.identifier.citation Narango, Desiree L., Tallamy, Douglas W., and Marra, Peter P. 2017. "<a href="https://repository.si.edu/handle/10088/33595">Native plants improve breeding and foraging habitat for an insectivorous bird</a>." <em>Biological Conservation</em>. 213 (Part A):42&ndash;50. <a href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2017.06.029">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2017.06.029</a> en
dc.identifier.issn 0006-3207
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10088/33595
dc.description.abstract Understanding how introduced plants reduce food web complexity is critical to effective conservation management within human-dominated systems. In urban breeding birds, the paucity of dietary specialists suggests that a lack of food resources, such as arthropod prey essential for reproduction and survival, may contribute to bird declines. Local plant species composition and abundance is influenced by the landscaping decisions of private homeowners and may be contributing to differences in insect prey availability. In this study, we examined whether non-native plants are a limiting factor to a resident breeding insectivore, the Carolina chickadee (Poecile carolinensis). We used caterpillar counts, chickadee foraging observations and detection-corrected hierarchical models, to determine the influence of local landscaping features on insect food availability, chickadee tree preference, site occupancy, site abundance and breeding territory selection. Native plants were more likely to host a higher biomass of caterpillars compared to non-native plants, and chickadees strongly preferred to forage in native plants that supported the most caterpillars. In addition, chickadees were less likely to breed in yards as the dominance of non-native plants increased. Chickadee occupancy increased with tree basal area and chickadee abundance declined as impermeable surface area increased and basal area decreased. Our results demonstrate that non-native plants reduce habitat suitability for chickadees by reducing insect food available for breeding. Improving human-dominated landscapes as wildlife habitat should include increasing native, and arthropod-producing, plant species to effectively support the life history needs of insectivorous birds. en
dc.relation.ispartof Biological Conservation en
dc.title Native plants improve breeding and foraging habitat for an insectivorous bird en
dc.type Journal Article en
dc.identifier.srbnumber 143954
dc.identifier.doi 10.1016/j.biocon.2017.06.029
rft.jtitle Biological Conservation
rft.volume 213
rft.issue Part A
rft.spage 42
rft.epage 50
dc.description.SIUnit NZP en
dc.description.SIUnit Peer-reviewed en
dc.citation.spage 42
dc.citation.epage 50

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