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Stratigraphic and Earth System approaches to defining the Anthropocene

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dc.contributor.author Steffen, Will en
dc.contributor.author Leinfelder, Reinhold en
dc.contributor.author Zalasiewicz, Jan en
dc.contributor.author Waters, Colin N. en
dc.contributor.author Williams, Mark en
dc.contributor.author Summerhayes, Colin en
dc.contributor.author Barnosky, Anthony D. en
dc.contributor.author Cearreta, Alejandro en
dc.contributor.author Crutzen, Paul en
dc.contributor.author Edgeworth, Matt en
dc.contributor.author Ellis, Erle C. en
dc.contributor.author Fairchild, Ian J. en
dc.contributor.author Galuszka, Agnieszka en
dc.contributor.author Grinevald, Jacques en
dc.contributor.author Haywood, Alan en
dc.contributor.author do Sul, Juliana Ivar en
dc.contributor.author Jeandel, Catherine en
dc.contributor.author McNeill, J. R. en
dc.contributor.author Odada, Eric en
dc.contributor.author Oreskes, Naomi en
dc.contributor.author Revkin, Andrew en
dc.contributor.author Richter, Daniel de B. en
dc.contributor.author Syvitski, James en
dc.contributor.author Vidas, Davor en
dc.contributor.author Wagreich, Michael en
dc.contributor.author Wing, Scott L. en
dc.contributor.author Wolfe, Alexander P. en
dc.contributor.author Schellnhuber, H. J. en
dc.date.accessioned 2017-02-14T20:56:07Z
dc.date.available 2017-02-14T20:56:07Z
dc.date.issued 2016
dc.identifier.citation Steffen, Will, Leinfelder, Reinhold, Zalasiewicz, Jan, Waters, Colin N., Williams, Mark, Summerhayes, Colin, Barnosky, Anthony D., Cearreta, Alejandro, Crutzen, Paul, Edgeworth, Matt, Ellis, Erle C., Fairchild, Ian J., Galuszka, Agnieszka, Grinevald, Jacques, Haywood, Alan, do Sul, Juliana Ivar, Jeandel, Catherine, McNeill, J. R., Odada, Eric, Oreskes, Naomi, Revkin, Andrew, Richter, Daniel de B., Syvitski, James, Vidas, Davor, Wagreich, Michael et al. 2016. "<a href="https://repository.si.edu/handle/10088/30853">Stratigraphic and Earth System approaches to defining the Anthropocene</a>." <em>Earth's Future</em>. 4 (8):324&ndash;345. <a href="https://doi.org/10.1002/2016EF000379">https://doi.org/10.1002/2016EF000379</a> en
dc.identifier.issn 2328-4277
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10088/30853
dc.description.abstract Stratigraphy provides insights into the evolution and dynamics of the Earth System over its long history. With recent developments in Earth System science, changes in Earth System dynamics can now be observed directly and projected into the near future. An integration of the two approaches provides powerful insights into the nature and significance of contemporary changes to Earth. From both perspectives, the Earth has been pushed out of the Holocene Epoch by human activities, with the mid-20th century a strong candidate for the start date of the Anthropocene, the proposed new epoch in Earth history. Here we explore two contrasting scenarios for the future of the Anthropocene, recognizing that the Earth System has already undergone a substantial transition away from the Holocene state. A rapid shift of societies toward the UN Sustainable Development Goals could stabilize the Earth System in a state with more intense interglacial conditions than in the late Quaternary climate regime and with little further biospheric change. In contrast, a continuation of the present Anthropocene trajectory of growing human pressures will likely lead to biotic impoverishment and a much warmer climate with a significant loss of polar ice. en
dc.relation.ispartof Earth's Future en
dc.title Stratigraphic and Earth System approaches to defining the Anthropocene en
dc.type Journal Article en
dc.identifier.srbnumber 141701
dc.identifier.doi 10.1002/2016EF000379
rft.jtitle Earth's Future
rft.volume 4
rft.issue 8
rft.spage 324
rft.epage 345
dc.description.SIUnit Peer-reviewed en
dc.description.SIUnit NMNH en
dc.description.SIUnit NH-Paleobiology en
dc.citation.spage 324
dc.citation.epage 345

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