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Constraining paleohydrologic change during the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum in the continental interior of North America

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dc.contributor.author Baczynski, Allison A. en
dc.contributor.author McInerney, Francesca A. en
dc.contributor.author Wing, Scott L. en
dc.contributor.author Kraus, Mary J. en
dc.contributor.author Bloch, Jonathan I. en
dc.contributor.author Secord, Ross en
dc.date.accessioned 2016-11-16T20:05:01Z
dc.date.available 2016-11-16T20:05:01Z
dc.date.issued 2017
dc.identifier.citation Baczynski, Allison A., McInerney, Francesca A., Wing, Scott L., Kraus, Mary J., Bloch, Jonathan I., and Secord, Ross. 2017. "<a href="https://repository.si.edu/handle/10088/30128">Constraining paleohydrologic change during the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum in the continental interior of North America</a>." <em>Palaeogeography palaeoclimatology palaeoecology</em>. 465 (Part A):237&ndash;246. <a href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.palaeo.2016.10.030">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.palaeo.2016.10.030</a> en
dc.identifier.issn 0031-0182
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10088/30128
dc.description.abstract Quantifying the relationship between carbon cycle perturbations and the hydrologic cycle in the geologic past is crucial to accurately modeling how future anthropogenic carbon emissions and resulting radiative forcing might affect the hydrologic cycle. Interpreting changes in proxy records for insight into paleohydrologic change is complex, and documented records of paleohydrologic response to past global warming are rare. We use the relationship between two independent proxy records, the stable isotope ratios of hydrogen in n-alkanes and oxygen in tooth enamel of Coryphodon, to examine paleohydrologic change in the continental interior of North America during the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum (PETM) hyperthermal ~ 56 Ma. The Coryphodon d18O record allows us to infer shifts in surface water isotope values through time by applying an empirical relationship between tooth enamel and precipitation d18O values. Precipitation d18O values increase by ~ 4 during the PETM, but n-alkane hydrogen isotope ratios show no directional change during the PETM. We explore multiple hypotheses that could explain the differences between the isotope records, including a change in apparent fractionation as a result of plant community change, a shift in the slope of the local meteoric water line, a change in the season of rainfall, or a shift in the season of lipid production. We model the changes that would be required to reconcile the isotope records for each hypothesis and evaluate the likelihood of each of the scenarios. We posit that the most likely hypothesis for the observed differences between the isotope records is a change in either the season of rainfall or the season of lipid production during the PETM. en
dc.relation.ispartof Palaeogeography palaeoclimatology palaeoecology en
dc.title Constraining paleohydrologic change during the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum in the continental interior of North America en
dc.type Journal Article en
dc.identifier.srbnumber 140906
dc.identifier.doi 10.1016/j.palaeo.2016.10.030
rft.jtitle Palaeogeography palaeoclimatology palaeoecology
rft.volume 465
rft.issue Part A
rft.spage 237
rft.epage 246
dc.description.SIUnit NH-Paleobiology en
dc.description.SIUnit NMNH en
dc.description.SIUnit Peer-reviewed en
dc.citation.spage 237
dc.citation.epage 246


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