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A novel MC1R allele for black coat colour reveals the Polynesian ancestry and hybridization patterns of Hawaiian feral pigs

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dc.contributor.author Linderholm, Anna en
dc.contributor.author Spencer, Daisy en
dc.contributor.author Battista, Vincent en
dc.contributor.author Frantz, Laurent en
dc.contributor.author Barnett, Ross en
dc.contributor.author Fleischer, Robert C. en
dc.contributor.author James, Helen F. en
dc.contributor.author Duffy, Dave en
dc.contributor.author Sparks, Jed P. en
dc.contributor.author Clements, David R. en
dc.contributor.author Andersson, Leif en
dc.contributor.author Dobney, Keith en
dc.contributor.author Leonard, Jennifer A. en
dc.contributor.author Larson, Greger en
dc.date.accessioned 2016-11-16T20:04:53Z
dc.date.available 2016-11-16T20:04:53Z
dc.date.issued 2016
dc.identifier.citation Linderholm, Anna, Spencer, Daisy, Battista, Vincent, Frantz, Laurent, Barnett, Ross, Fleischer, Robert C., James, Helen F., Duffy, Dave, Sparks, Jed P., Clements, David R., Andersson, Leif, Dobney, Keith, Leonard, Jennifer A., and Larson, Greger. 2016. "<a href="https%3A%2F%2Frepository.si.edu%2Fhandle%2F10088%2F30014">A novel MC1R allele for black coat colour reveals the Polynesian ancestry and hybridization patterns of Hawaiian feral pigs</a>." <em>Royal Society Open Science</em>. 3 (9):<a href="https://doi.org/10.1098/rsos.160304">https://doi.org/10.1098/rsos.160304</a> en
dc.identifier.issn 2054-5703
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10088/30014
dc.description.abstract Pigs (Sus scrofa) have played an important cultural role in Hawaii since Polynesians first introduced them in approximately AD 1200. Additional varieties of pigs were introduced following Captain Cook&#39;s arrival in Hawaii in 1778 and it has been suggested that the current pig population may descend primarily, or even exclusively, from European pigs. Although populations of feral pigs today are an important source of recreational hunting on all of the major islands, they also negatively impact native plants and animals. As a result, understanding the origins of these feral pig populations has significant ramifications for discussions concerning conservation management, identity and cultural continuity on the islands. Here, we analysed a neutral mitochondrial marker and a functional nuclear coat colour marker in 57 feral Hawaiian pigs. Through the identification of a new mutation in the MC1R gene that results in black coloration, we demonstrate that Hawaiian feral pigs are mostly the descendants of those originally introduced during Polynesian settlement, though there is evidence for some admixture. As such, extant Hawaiian pigs represent a unique historical lineage that is not exclusively descended from feral pigs of European origin. en
dc.relation.ispartof Royal Society Open Science en
dc.title A novel MC1R allele for black coat colour reveals the Polynesian ancestry and hybridization patterns of Hawaiian feral pigs en
dc.type Journal Article en
dc.identifier.srbnumber 140675
dc.identifier.doi 10.1098/rsos.160304
rft.jtitle Royal Society Open Science
rft.volume 3
rft.issue 9
dc.description.SIUnit NH-Vertebrate Zoology en
dc.description.SIUnit NMNH en
dc.description.SIUnit NZP en
dc.description.SIUnit Peer-reviewed en


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