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The evolutionary convergence of mid-Mesozoic lacewings and Cenozoic butterflies

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dc.contributor.author Labandeira, Conrad C. en
dc.contributor.author Yang, Qiang en
dc.contributor.author Santiago-Blay, Jorge A. en
dc.contributor.author Hotton, Carol L. en
dc.contributor.author Monteiro, Antónia en
dc.contributor.author Wang, Yong-Jie en
dc.contributor.author Goreva, Yulia S. en
dc.contributor.author Shih, ChungKun en
dc.contributor.author Siljeström, Sandra en
dc.contributor.author Rose, Tim R. en
dc.contributor.author Dilcher, David L. en
dc.contributor.author Ren, Dong en
dc.date.accessioned 2016-02-11T13:19:53Z
dc.date.available 2016-02-11T13:19:53Z
dc.date.issued 2016
dc.identifier.citation Labandeira, Conrad C., Yang, Qiang, Santiago-Blay, Jorge A., Hotton, Carol L., Monteiro, Antónia, Wang, Yong-Jie, Goreva, Yulia S., Shih, ChungKun, Siljeström, Sandra, Rose, Tim R., Dilcher, David L., and Ren, Dong. 2016. "<a href="https://repository.si.edu/handle/10088/28072">The evolutionary convergence of mid-Mesozoic lacewings and Cenozoic butterflies</a>." <em>Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences</em>, 283, (1824). <a href="https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2015.2893">https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2015.2893</a>. en
dc.identifier.issn 0962-8452
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10088/28072
dc.description.abstract Mid-Mesozoic kalligrammatid lacewings (Neuroptera) entered the fossil record 165 million years ago (Ma) and disappeared 45 Ma later. Extant papilionoid butterflies (Lepidoptera) probably originated 80–70 Ma, long after kalligrammatids became extinct. Although poor preservation of kalligrammatid fossils previously prevented their detailed morphological and ecological characterization, we examine new, well-preserved, kalligrammatid fossils from Middle Jurassic and Early Cretaceous sites in northeastern China to unravel a surprising array of similar morphological and ecological features in these two, unrelated clades. We used polarized light and epifluorescence photography, SEM imaging, energy dispersive spectrometry and time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry to examine kalligrammatid fossils and their environment. We mapped the evolution of specific traits onto a kalligrammatid phylogeny and discovered that these extinct lacewings convergently evolved wing eyespots that possibly contained melanin, and wing scales, elongate tubular proboscides, similar feeding styles, and seed–plant associations, similar to butterflies. Long-proboscid kalligrammatid lacewings lived in ecosystems with gymnosperm–insect relationships and likely accessed bennettitalean pollination drops and pollen. This system later was replaced by mid-Cretaceous angiosperms and their insect pollinators. en
dc.relation.ispartof Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences en
dc.title The evolutionary convergence of mid-Mesozoic lacewings and Cenozoic butterflies en
dc.type Journal Article en
dc.identifier.srbnumber 138669
dc.identifier.doi 10.1098/rspb.2015.2893
rft.jtitle Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
rft.volume 283
rft.issue 1824
dc.description.SIUnit NH-Mineral Sciences en
dc.description.SIUnit NH-Paleobiology en
dc.description.SIUnit NMNH en

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