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The microbiome of New World vultures

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dc.contributor.author Roggenbuck, Michael en
dc.contributor.author Schnell, Ida Bærholm en
dc.contributor.author Blom, Nikolaj en
dc.contributor.author Bælum, Jacob en
dc.contributor.author Bertelsen, Mads Frost en
dc.contributor.author Pontén, Thomas Sicheritz en
dc.contributor.author Sørensen, Søren Johannes en
dc.contributor.author Gilbert, M. T. en
dc.contributor.author Graves, Gary R. en
dc.contributor.author Hansen, Lars H. en
dc.date.accessioned 2015-04-17T18:02:27Z
dc.date.available 2015-04-17T18:02:27Z
dc.date.issued 2014
dc.identifier.citation Roggenbuck, Michael, Schnell, Ida Bærholm, Blom, Nikolaj, Bælum, Jacob, Bertelsen, Mads Frost, Pontén, Thomas Sicheritz, Sørensen, Søren Johannes, Gilbert, M. T., Graves, Gary R., and Hansen, Lars H. 2014. "<a href="https://repository.si.edu/handle/10088/25031">The microbiome of New World vultures</a>." <em>Nature Communications</em>. 5 (5498):<a href="https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms6498">https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms6498</a> en
dc.identifier.issn 2041-1723
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10088/25031
dc.description.abstract Vultures are scavengers that fill a key ecosystem niche, in which they have evolved a remarkable tolerance to bacterial toxins in decaying meat. Here we report the first deep metagenomic analysis of the vulture microbiome. Through face and gut comparisons of 50 vultures representing two species, we demonstrate a remarkably conserved low diversity of gut microbial flora. The gut samples contained an average of 76 operational taxonomic units (OTUs) per specimen, compared with 528 OTUs on the facial skin. Clostridia and Fusobacteria, widely pathogenic to other vertebrates, dominate the vulture s gut microbiota. We reveal a likely faecal oral gut route for their origin. DNA of prey species detectable on facial swabs was completely degraded in the gut samples from most vultures, suggesting that the gastrointestinal tracts of vultures are extremely selective. Our findings show a strong adaption of vultures and their bacteria to their food source, exemplifying a specialized host microbial alliance. en
dc.relation.ispartof Nature Communications en
dc.title The microbiome of New World vultures en
dc.type Journal Article en
dc.identifier.srbnumber 133122
dc.identifier.doi 10.1038/ncomms6498
rft.jtitle Nature Communications
rft.volume 5
rft.issue 5498
dc.description.SIUnit NH-Vertebrate Zoology en
dc.description.SIUnit NMNH en
dc.description.SIUnit Peer-reviewed en

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