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Girard Estate Coal Lands in Pennsylvania, 1801-1884

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dc.contributor.author Hoffman, John N. en
dc.date.accessioned 2007-09-27T18:28:27Z en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2013-03-18T18:02:22Z
dc.date.available 2007-09-27T18:28:27Z en_US
dc.date.available 2013-03-18T18:02:22Z
dc.date.issued 1972
dc.identifier.citation Hoffman, John N. 1972. "<a href="http%3A%2F%2Fdx.doi.org%2F10.5479%2Fsi.00810258.15.1">Girard Estate Coal Lands in Pennsylvania, 1801-1884</a>." <em>Smithsonian Studies in History and Technology</em>. 1&ndash;86. <a href="https://doi.org/10.5479/si.00810258.15.1">https://doi.org/10.5479/si.00810258.15.1</a> en
dc.identifier.issn 0081-0258
dc.identifier.uri http://dx.doi.org/10.5479/si.00810258.15.1
dc.description.abstract This monograph traces the historical development and consolidation of tracts of land on the frontier of Pennsylvania in the late eighteenth century. The tracts under discussion were a part of a land grant given to William Penn by King Charles II in 1681, and the proprietorship remained in the Penn family until 1775.<br/>Early land promoters such as Robert Morris and John Nicholson, plagued by financial problems, lack of inhabitants, and the reluctance of investors to participate in the development of their land schemes, eventually lost control and ownership of the large tracts which they had obtained.<br/>The material presented in this study entails one such land venture which, in later years, became known as the Girard Estate, having been purchased by Stephen Girard in 1830. Literally a financial tycoon of the period, Girard is reputed to have been worth some seven-and-a-half million dollars at the time of his death.<br/>To better understand the problems associated with the ownership of land in Pennsylvania during the colonial period, a short resumé of land rules and regulations during this time is presented as an introduction to this study. en
dc.format.extent 28346647 bytes en_US
dc.format.extent 4794129 bytes en_US
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf en_US
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.relation.ispartof Smithsonian Studies in History and Technology en
dc.title Girard Estate Coal Lands in Pennsylvania, 1801-1884 en
dc.type Journal Article en
dc.identifier.srbnumber 113118
dc.identifier.eISSN 1948-6006 en_US
dc.identifier.doi 10.5479/si.00810258.15.1
rft.jtitle Smithsonian Studies in History and Technology
rft.issue 15
rft.spage 1
rft.epage 86
dc.description.SIUnit SISP en
dc.citation.spage 1
dc.citation.epage 86
dc.relation.url http://dx.doi.org/10.5479/si.00810258.15.1

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