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<I>In-situ</I> observation of deep water corals in the northern Red Sea waters of Saudi Arabia

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dc.contributor.author Qurban, Mohammad A. en
dc.contributor.author Krishnakumar, P. K. en
dc.contributor.author Joydas, T. V. en
dc.contributor.author Manikandan, K. P. en
dc.contributor.author Ashraf, T. T. M. en
dc.contributor.author Quadri, S. I. en
dc.contributor.author Wafar, M. en
dc.contributor.author Qasem, Ali en
dc.contributor.author Cairns, Stephen D. en
dc.date.accessioned 2014-11-25T20:52:59Z
dc.date.available 2014-11-25T20:52:59Z
dc.date.issued 2014
dc.identifier.citation Qurban, Mohammad A., Krishnakumar, P. K., Joydas, T. V., Manikandan, K. P., Ashraf, T. T. M., Quadri, S. I., Wafar, M., Qasem, Ali, and Cairns, Stephen D. 2014. "<a href="https://repository.si.edu/handle/10088/22597">In-situ observation of deep water corals in the northern Red Sea waters of Saudi Arabia</a>." <em>Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers</em>. 89:35&ndash;43. <a href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dsr.2014.04.002">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dsr.2014.04.002</a> en
dc.identifier.issn 0967-0637
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10088/22597
dc.description.abstract Three sites offshore of the Saudi Arabia coast in the northern Red Sea were surveyed in November 2012 to search for deep-water coral (DWC) grounds using a Remotely Operated Vehicle (Fig. 1). A total of 156 colonies were positively identified between 400 and 760 m, and were represented by seven species belonging to Scleractinia (3), Alcyonacea (3) and Antipatharia (1). The scleractinians Dasmosmilia valida Marenzeller (1907), Eguchipsammia fistula (Alcock, 1902) and Rhizotrochus typus Milne-Edwards and Haime, 1848 were identified to species level, while the octocorals Acanthogorgia sp., Chironephthya sp., Pseudopterogorgia sp., and the antipatharian Stichopathes sp., were identified to genus level. Overall, the highest abundance of DWC was observed at Site A1, the closest to the coast. The most abundant species in the study area was D. valida, which lives attached to rocky substrates and represented 42% of the total coral population at site A1. Water column attributes at this depth were quite homogenous with temperature ca. 21.6 °C, salinity ca. 40.56, dissolved oxygen ca. 1.75 ml L-1 and current velocity from 0.6 to 34.5 cm s-1 with a mean value of 9.5 cm s-1. Interestingly, these DWC can cope with high temperature and salinity, compared to those in other regions. en
dc.relation.ispartof Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers en
dc.title <I>In-situ</I> observation of deep water corals in the northern Red Sea waters of Saudi Arabia en
dc.type Journal Article en
dc.identifier.srbnumber 120853
dc.identifier.doi 10.1016/j.dsr.2014.04.002
rft.jtitle Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers
rft.volume 89
rft.spage 35
rft.epage 43
dc.description.SIUnit NH-Invertebrate Zoology en
dc.description.SIUnit NMNH en
dc.description.SIUnit Peer-reviewed en
dc.citation.spage 35
dc.citation.epage 43

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