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Phylogenetic relationships of the extinct St Helena petrel, <I>Pterodroma rupinarum</I> Olson, 1975 (Procellariiformes: Procellariidae), based on ancient DNA

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dc.contributor.author Welch, Andreanna J. en
dc.contributor.author Olson, Storrs L. en
dc.contributor.author Fleischer, Robert C. en
dc.date.accessioned 2014-07-10T19:49:10Z
dc.date.available 2014-07-10T19:49:10Z
dc.date.issued 2014
dc.identifier.citation Welch, Andreanna J., Olson, Storrs L., and Fleischer, Robert C. 2014. "<a href="https://repository.si.edu/handle/10088/21933">Phylogenetic relationships of the extinct St Helena petrel, Pterodroma rupinarum Olson, 1975 (Procellariiformes: Procellariidae), based on ancient DNA</a>." <em>Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society</em>. 170 (3):494&ndash;505. <a href="https://doi.org/10.1111/zoj.12078">https://doi.org/10.1111/zoj.12078</a> en
dc.identifier.issn 0024-4082
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10088/21933
dc.description.abstract Palaeontological studies show that three endemic procellariid seabird species became extinct on the remote island of St Helena in the South Atlantic Ocean. At least one of these, Pterodroma rupinarum Olson, 1975, is likely to have survived until human colonization of the island, although it is known only from subfossil bones. Several species of Pterodroma are distributed across the Atlantic, but the skull and bill of Pt. rupinarum were judged to be more similar to the Indo-Pacific Pterodroma rostrata group, which was recently split into the separate genus Pseudobulweria. We used ancient DNA techniques to sequence the mitochondrial cytochrome b gene of the extinct Pt. rupinarum, and conducted phylogenetic analyses to investigate the placement of this enigmatic taxon. In trees constructed using maximum likelihood and Bayesian inference, Pt. rupinarum did not group with Pseudobulweria, but instead fell within a strongly supported clade of Atlantic Pterodroma, including the endangered Black-capped Pterodroma hasitata (Kuhl, 1820)] and Bermuda Pterodroma cahow (Nichols &amp; Mowbray, 1916)] petrels, as well as the Macaronesian petrels Pterodroma madeira Mathews, 1934, Pterodroma feae (Salvadori, 1899) and Pterodroma deserta Mathews, 1934]. Pterodroma rupinarum shared a particularly close relationship with Pt. feae of the Cape Verde Islands, which is also the geographically closest species within the clade. Considering the osteological distinctiveness of Pt. rupinarum it was probably a separate species, or at least a highly diverged population that was isolated for a substantial period of time prior to its extinction. © 2013 The Linnean Society of London en
dc.relation.ispartof Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society en
dc.title Phylogenetic relationships of the extinct St Helena petrel, <I>Pterodroma rupinarum</I> Olson, 1975 (Procellariiformes: Procellariidae), based on ancient DNA en
dc.type Journal Article en
dc.identifier.srbnumber 118167
dc.identifier.doi 10.1111/zoj.12078
rft.jtitle Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society
rft.volume 170
rft.issue 3
rft.spage 494
rft.epage 505
dc.description.SIUnit NH-Vertebrate Zoology en
dc.description.SIUnit NMNH en
dc.description.SIUnit NZP en
dc.description.SIUnit Peer-reviewed en
dc.citation.spage 494
dc.citation.epage 505

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