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Reading the Complex Skipper Butterfly Fauna of One Tropical Place

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dc.contributor.author Janzen, Daniel H. en
dc.contributor.author Hallwachs, Winnie D. en
dc.contributor.author Burns, John M. en
dc.contributor.author Hajibabaei, Mehrdad en
dc.contributor.author Bertrand, Claudia en
dc.contributor.author Hebert, Paul D. N. en
dc.date.accessioned 2013-09-27T20:29:16Z
dc.date.available 2013-09-27T20:29:16Z
dc.date.issued 2011
dc.identifier.citation Janzen, Daniel H., Hallwachs, Winnie D., Burns, John M., Hajibabaei, Mehrdad, Bertrand, Claudia, and Hebert, Paul D. N. 2011. "<a href="https%3A%2F%2Frepository.si.edu%2Fhandle%2F10088%2F21480">Reading the Complex Skipper Butterfly Fauna of One Tropical Place</a>." <em>Plos One</em>. 6 (8):1&ndash;15. <a href="https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0019874">https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0019874</a> en
dc.identifier.issn 1932-6203
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10088/21480
dc.description.abstract Background: An intense, 30-year, ongoing biodiversity inventory of Lepidoptera, together with their food plants and parasitoids, is centered on the rearing of wild-caught caterpillars in the 120,000 terrestrial hectares of dry, rain, and cloud forest of Area de Conservacion Guanacaste (ACG) in northwestern Costa Rica. Since 2003, DNA barcoding of all species has aided their identification and discovery. We summarize the process and results for a large set of the species of two speciose subfamilies of ACG skipper butterflies (Hesperiidae) and emphasize the effectiveness of barcoding these species (which are often difficult and time-consuming to identify). Methodology/Principal Findings: Adults are DNA barcoded by the Biodiversity Institute of Ontario, Guelph, Canada; and they are identified by correlating the resulting COI barcode information with more traditional information such as food plant, facies, genitalia, microlocation within ACG, caterpillar traits, etc. This process has found about 303 morphologically defined species of eudamine and pyrgine Hesperiidae breeding in ACG (about 25% of the ACG butterfly fauna) and another 44 units indicated by distinct barcodes (n = 9,094), which may be additional species and therefore may represent as much as a 13% increase. All but the members of one complex can be identified by their DNA barcodes. Conclusions/Significance: Addition of DNA barcoding to the methodology greatly improved the inventory, both through faster (hence cheaper) accurate identification of the species that are distinguishable without barcoding, as well as those that require it, and through the revelation of species &quot;hidden&quot; within what have long been viewed as single species. Barcoding increased the recognition of species-level specialization. It would be no more appropriate to ignore barcode data in a species inventory than it would be to ignore adult genitalia variation or caterpillar ecology. en
dc.relation.ispartof Plos One en
dc.title Reading the Complex Skipper Butterfly Fauna of One Tropical Place en
dc.type Journal Article en
dc.identifier.srbnumber 102331
dc.identifier.doi 10.1371/journal.pone.0019874
rft.jtitle Plos One
rft.volume 6
rft.issue 8
rft.spage 1
rft.epage 15
dc.description.SIUnit NH-Entomology en
dc.description.SIUnit NMNH en
dc.description.SIUnit Peer-reviewed en
dc.citation.spage 1
dc.citation.epage 15


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