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Multiple Geographic Origins of Commensalism and Complex Dispersal History of Black Rats

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dc.contributor.author Aplin, Kenneth P. en
dc.contributor.author Suzuki, Hitoshi en
dc.contributor.author Chinen, Alejandro A. en
dc.contributor.author Chesser, R. Terry en
dc.contributor.author ten Have, José en
dc.contributor.author Donnellan, Stephen C. en
dc.contributor.author Austin, Jeremy en
dc.contributor.author Frost, Angela en
dc.contributor.author Gonzalez, Jean Paul en
dc.contributor.author Herbreteau, Vincent en
dc.contributor.author Catzeflis, Francois en
dc.contributor.author Soubrier, Julien en
dc.contributor.author Fang, Yin-Ping en
dc.contributor.author Robins, Judith en
dc.contributor.author Matisoo-Smith, Elizabeth en
dc.contributor.author Bastos, Amanda D. S. en
dc.contributor.author Maryanto, Ibnu en
dc.contributor.author Sinaga, Martua H. en
dc.contributor.author Denys, Christiane en
dc.contributor.author Van, Den Bussche en
dc.contributor.author Conroy, Chris en
dc.contributor.author Rowe, Kevin en
dc.contributor.author Cooper, Alan en
dc.date.accessioned 2013-09-23T12:51:58Z
dc.date.available 2013-09-23T12:51:58Z
dc.date.issued 2011
dc.identifier.citation Aplin, Kenneth P., Suzuki, Hitoshi, Chinen, Alejandro A., Chesser, R. Terry, ten Have, José, Donnellan, Stephen C., Austin, Jeremy, Frost, Angela, Gonzalez, Jean Paul, Herbreteau, Vincent, Catzeflis, Francois, Soubrier, Julien, Fang, Yin-Ping, Robins, Judith, Matisoo-Smith, Elizabeth, Bastos, Amanda D. S., Maryanto, Ibnu, Sinaga, Martua H., Denys, Christiane, Van, Den Bussche, Conroy, Chris, Rowe, Kevin, and Cooper, Alan. 2011. "<a href="https%3A%2F%2Frepository.si.edu%2Fhandle%2F10088%2F21409">Multiple Geographic Origins of Commensalism and Complex Dispersal History of Black Rats</a>." <em>PLoS ONE</em>. 6 (11):e26357&ndash;20. <a href="https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0026357">https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0026357</a> en
dc.identifier.issn 1932-6203
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10088/21409
dc.description.abstract The Black Rat (Rattus rattus) spread out of Asia to become one of the world&#39;s worst agricultural and urban pests, and a reservoir or vector of numerous zoonotic diseases, including the devastating plague. Despite the global scale and inestimable cost of their impacts on both human livelihoods and natural ecosystems, little is known of the global genetic diversity of Black Rats, the timing and directions of their historical dispersals, and the risks associated with contemporary movements. We surveyed mitochondrial DNA of Black Rats collected across their global range as a first step towards obtaining an historical genetic perspective on this socioeconomically important group of rodents. We found a strong phylogeographic pattern with well-differentiated lineages of Black Rats native to South Asia, the Himalayan region, southern Indochina, and northern Indochina to East Asia, and a diversification that probably commenced in the early Middle Pleistocene. We also identified two other currently recognised species of Rattus as potential derivatives of a paraphyletic R. rattus. Three of the four phylogenetic lineage units within R. rattus show clear genetic signatures of major population expansion in prehistoric times, and the distribution of particular haplogroups mirrors archaeologically and historically documented patterns of human dispersal and trade. Commensalism clearly arose multiple times in R. rattus and in widely separated geographic regions, and this may account for apparent regionalism in their associated pathogens. Our findings represent an important step towards deeper understanding the complex and influential relationship that has developed between Black Rats and humans, and invite a thorough re-examination of host-pathogen associations among Black Rats. en
dc.relation.ispartof PLoS ONE en
dc.title Multiple Geographic Origins of Commensalism and Complex Dispersal History of Black Rats en
dc.type Journal Article en
dc.identifier.srbnumber 109285
dc.identifier.doi 10.1371/journal.pone.0026357
rft.jtitle PLoS ONE
rft.volume 6
rft.issue 11
rft.spage e26357
rft.epage 20
dc.description.SIUnit NH-Vertebrate Zoology en
dc.description.SIUnit NMNH en
dc.description.SIUnit Peer-reviewed en
dc.citation.spage e26357
dc.citation.epage 20

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