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Is Chytridiomycosis an Emerging Infectious Disease in Asia?

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dc.contributor.author Swei, Andrea en
dc.contributor.author Rowley, Jodi J. L. en
dc.contributor.author Rödder, Dennis en
dc.contributor.author Diesmos, Mae L. L. en
dc.contributor.author Diesmos, Arvin C. en
dc.contributor.author Briggs, Cheryl J. en
dc.contributor.author Brown, Rafe en
dc.contributor.author Cao, Trung Tien en
dc.contributor.author Cheng, Tina L. en
dc.contributor.author Chong, Rebecca A. en
dc.contributor.author Han, Ben en
dc.contributor.author Hero, Jean-Marc en
dc.contributor.author Hoang, Huy Duc en
dc.contributor.author Kusrini, Mirza D. en
dc.contributor.author Le Duong, Thi Thuy en
dc.contributor.author McGuire, Jimmy A. en
dc.contributor.author Meegaskumbura, Madhava en
dc.contributor.author Min, Mi-Sook en
dc.contributor.author Mulcahy, Daniel G. en
dc.contributor.author Neang, Thy en
dc.contributor.author Phimmachak, Somphouthone en
dc.contributor.author Rao, Ding-Qi en
dc.contributor.author Reeder, Natalie M. en
dc.contributor.author Schoville, Sean D. en
dc.contributor.author Sivongxay, Niane en
dc.contributor.author Srei, Narin en
dc.contributor.author Stöck, Matthias en
dc.contributor.author Stuart, Bryan L. en
dc.contributor.author Torres, Lilia S. en
dc.contributor.author Tran, Dao, Thi Anh en
dc.contributor.author Tunstall, Tate S. en
dc.contributor.author Vieites, David en
dc.contributor.author Vredenburg, Vance T. en
dc.date.accessioned 2013-09-23T12:51:55Z
dc.date.available 2013-09-23T12:51:55Z
dc.date.issued 2011
dc.identifier.citation Swei, Andrea, Rowley, Jodi J. L., Rödder, Dennis, Diesmos, Mae L. L., Diesmos, Arvin C., Briggs, Cheryl J., Brown, Rafe, Cao, Trung Tien, Cheng, Tina L., Chong, Rebecca A., Han, Ben, Hero, Jean-Marc, Hoang, Huy Duc, Kusrini, Mirza D., Le Duong, Thi Thuy, McGuire, Jimmy A., Meegaskumbura, Madhava, Min, Mi-Sook, Mulcahy, Daniel G., Neang, Thy, Phimmachak, Somphouthone, Rao, Ding-Qi, Reeder, Natalie M., Schoville, Sean D., Sivongxay, Niane et al. 2011. "<a href="https%3A%2F%2Frepository.si.edu%2Fhandle%2F10088%2F21408">Is Chytridiomycosis an Emerging Infectious Disease in Asia?</a>." <em>PLoS ONE</em>. 6 (8):1&ndash;9. <a href="https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0023179">https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0023179</a> en
dc.identifier.issn 1932-6203
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10088/21408
dc.description.abstract The disease chytridiomycosis, caused by the fungus Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd), has caused dramatic amphibian population declines and extinctions in Australia, Central and North America, and Europe. Bd is associated with &gt;200 species extinctions of amphibians, but not all species that become infected are susceptible to the disease. Specifically, Bd has rapidly emerged in some areas of the world, such as in Australia, USA, and throughout Central and South America, causing population and species collapse. The mechanism behind the rapid global emergence of the disease is poorly understood, in part due to an incomplete picture of the global distribution of Bd. At present, there is a considerable amount of geographic bias in survey effort for Bd, with Asia being the most neglected continent. To date, Bd surveys have been published for few Asian countries, and infected amphibians have been reported only from Indonesia, South Korea, China and Japan. Thus far, there have been no substantiated reports of enigmatic or suspected disease-caused population declines of the kind that has been attributed to Bd in other areas. In order to gain a more detailed picture of the distribution of Bd in Asia, we undertook a widespread, opportunistic survey of over 3,000 amphibians for Bd throughout Asia and adjoining Papua New Guinea. Survey sites spanned 15 countries, approximately 36° latitude, 111° longitude, and over 2000 m in elevation. Bd prevalence was very low throughout our survey area (2.35% overall) and infected animals were not clumped as would be expected in epizootic events. This suggests that Bd is either newly emerging in Asia, endemic at low prevalence, or that some other ecological factor is preventing Bd from fully invading Asian amphibians. The current observed pattern in Asia differs from that in many other parts of the world. en
dc.relation.ispartof PLoS ONE en
dc.title Is Chytridiomycosis an Emerging Infectious Disease in Asia? en
dc.type Journal Article en
dc.identifier.srbnumber 102032
dc.identifier.doi 10.1371/journal.pone.0023179
rft.jtitle PLoS ONE
rft.volume 6
rft.issue 8
rft.spage 1
rft.epage 9
dc.description.SIUnit Peer-reviewed en
dc.description.SIUnit NH-Vertebrate Zoology en
dc.description.SIUnit NMNH en
dc.citation.spage 1
dc.citation.epage 9

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