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Earliest Archaeological Evidence of Persistent Hominin Carnivory

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dc.contributor.author Ferraro, Joseph V. en
dc.contributor.author Plummer, Thomas W. en
dc.contributor.author Pobiner, Briana L. en
dc.contributor.author Oliver, James S. en
dc.contributor.author Bishop, Laura C. en
dc.contributor.author Braun, David R. en
dc.contributor.author Ditchfield, Peter W. en
dc.contributor.author Seaman, John W., III en
dc.contributor.author Binetti, Katie M. en
dc.contributor.author Seaman, John W., Jr. en
dc.contributor.author Hertel, Fritz en
dc.contributor.author Potts, Richard en
dc.date.accessioned 2013-09-13T16:58:46Z
dc.date.available 2013-09-13T16:58:46Z
dc.date.issued 2013
dc.identifier.citation Ferraro, Joseph V., Plummer, Thomas W., Pobiner, Briana L., Oliver, James S., Bishop, Laura C., Braun, David R., Ditchfield, Peter W., Seaman, John W., III, Binetti, Katie M., Seaman, John W., Jr., Hertel, Fritz, and Potts, Richard. 2013. "<a href="https://repository.si.edu/handle/10088/21372">Earliest Archaeological Evidence of Persistent Hominin Carnivory</a>." <em>Plos One</em>. 8 (4):e62174. <a href="https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0062174">https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0062174</a> en
dc.identifier.issn 1932-6203
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10088/21372
dc.description.abstract The emergence of lithic technology by similar to 2.6 million years ago (Ma) is often interpreted as a correlate of increasingly recurrent hominin acquisition and consumption of animal remains. Associated faunal evidence, however, is poorly preserved prior to similar to 1.8 Ma, limiting our understanding of early archaeological (Oldowan) hominin carnivory. Here, we detail three large well-preserved zooarchaeological assemblages from Kanjera South, Kenya. The assemblages date to similar to 2.0 Ma, pre-dating all previously published archaeofaunas of appreciable size. At Kanjera, there is clear evidence that Oldowan hominins acquired and processed numerous, relatively complete, small ungulate carcasses. Moreover, they had at least occasional access to the fleshed remains of larger, wildebeest-sized animals. The overall record of hominin activities is consistent through the stratified sequence - spanning hundreds to thousands of years - and provides the earliest archaeological evidence of sustained hominin involvement with fleshed animal remains (i.e., persistent carnivory), a foraging adaptation central to many models of hominin evolution. en
dc.relation.ispartof Plos One en
dc.title Earliest Archaeological Evidence of Persistent Hominin Carnivory en
dc.type Journal Article en
dc.identifier.srbnumber 115976
dc.identifier.doi 10.1371/journal.pone.0062174
rft.jtitle Plos One
rft.volume 8
rft.issue 4
rft.spage e62174
dc.description.SIUnit NMNH en
dc.description.SIUnit NH-Anthropology en
dc.description.SIUnit Peer-reviewed en
dc.citation.spage e62174


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