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Stratigraphy and Preliminary Biostratigraphy of the Flagstaff Rim Area, Natrona County, Wyoming

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dc.contributor.author Emry, Robert J. en
dc.date.accessioned 2007-07-31T16:28:40Z
dc.date.available 2007-07-31T16:28:40Z
dc.date.issued 1973
dc.identifier.citation Emry, Robert J. 1973. <em><a href="https://doi.org/10.5479/si.00810266.18.1">Stratigraphy and Preliminary Biostratigraphy of the Flagstaff Rim Area, Natrona County, Wyoming</a></em>. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution. <a href="https://doi.org/10.5479/si.00810266.18.1">https://doi.org/10.5479/si.00810266.18.1</a> en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10088/1948
dc.identifier.uri http://dx.doi.org/10.5479/si.00810266.18.1
dc.description.abstract About 750 feet of sediments of the early Oligocene (Chadronian) White River Formation are exposed along Flagstaff Rim in south-central Natrona County, Wyoming. About 4,000 specimens of fossil vertebrates have been collected from these outcrops. The White River Formation unconformably overlies rocks ranging in age from Precambrian to medial or late Eocene. The lithology of the White River Formation is predominantly claystone and conglomerate in the lower part of the section, changing to predominantly tuffaceous siltstone and conglomeratic channel sandstones in the upper part. Four stratigraphic sections are described. A geologic map of about 40 square miles illustrates the areal limits of the White River Formation and its relationships to underlying and overlying formations. Several distinct and easily recognizable volcanic ash beds occur at intervals within the White River sequence. These serve as convenient markers for precise stratigraphic zonation of fossils and have also provided minerals for potassium-argon dating. Dates obtained range from 35.7 to 31.6 million years.<br/>A boulder conglomerate unit, previously considered to be the basal unit of the White River Formation and/or part of the Wind River Formation is shown to be a distinct, and probably unnamed, unit, and should not be assigned to either of these formations. It unconformably overlies the Wind River Formation and is separated from the White River Formation by an erosional disconformity with several hundred feet of relief. This information allows new interpretations of the structure of the area and adds a previously unrecognized episode of deposition and erosion to the history of the area.<br/>The most common fossil in the White River sequence is the artiodactyl genus <I>Leptomeryx</I>, which is represented by two morphologically distinct lineages. One lineage is provisionally divided into two and the other into three size groups that are believed to represent different species. The local stratigraphic ranges of the different groups do not overlap. In each lineage, the size increases higher in the section. None of the groups are definitely assigned to named species, pending studies to determine the validity and limits of the named species.<br/>Preliminary analysis of other elements of the fauna shows that there is recognizable change through time within individual lineages and that the faunal composition as a whole changes through time, within the local sequence. When the entire fauna is analyzed in detail, it should be possible to establish local range zones of the fossil species and, by their use, to gain greater temporal resolution within Chadronian time than has previously been possible. en
dc.format.extent 28598806 bytes
dc.format.extent 2437554 bytes
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso en_US
dc.title Stratigraphy and Preliminary Biostratigraphy of the Flagstaff Rim Area, Natrona County, Wyoming en
dc.type Book, Whole en
dc.identifier.srbnumber 113444
dc.identifier.eISSN 1943-6688
dc.identifier.doi 10.5479/si.00810266.18.1
dc.description.SIUnit SISP en
dc.relation.url https://doi.org/10.5479/si.00810266.18.1

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