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The Maned Wolves of Noel Kempff Mercado National Park

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dc.contributor.author Emmons, Louise H.
dc.date.accessioned 2012-03-20T17:37:54Z en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2013-03-20T15:07:27Z
dc.date.available 2012-03-20T17:37:54Z en_US
dc.date.available 2013-03-20T15:07:27Z
dc.date.issued 2012-04-30
dc.identifier.citation Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology, 2012, No. 639, xii + 135 pp.
dc.identifier.issn 0081-0282 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10088/18219 en_US
dc.description The Maned Wolves of Noel Kempff Mercado National Park. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology, 2012, No. 639, xii + 135 pages, 60 figures, 37 tables. Edited by Louise H. Emmons. Published by Smithsonian Institution Scholarly Press. en_US
dc.description.abstract We studied the behavioral ecology of maned wolves (Canidae: Chrysocyon brachyurus) for 10 years in Cerrado habitat of Noel Kempff National Park, Bolivia. Most data were collected by GPS-collar technology, which yielded over 37,000 locations in 27 collar deployments on 10 individuals. The eight chapters introduce the study area and methods (1) and describe daily and seasonal activity (2); movements and ranges (3); diet and energetics (4); social interactions and reproduction (5); disease exposure, morbidity and mortality (6); maned wolf conservation (7); and finally, we synthesize the results in an overview of maned wolf behavioral ecology, with hypotheses about the unique form and function of this atypical canid (8). Activity was temperature related and sharply nocturnal in the dry season but partly diurnal in the rainy season. Adult home ranges were 40–123 km2, with strong seasonal variations in land use. Maned wolves averaged 14 km/night travel in dry months and 7 km/night during wet months. Breeding pairs shared territories with contiguous borders, which did not overlap with neighboring pairs. Young females twice stayed until adulthood on natal territories, as presumed helpers, and acquired the territory upon disappearance/death of the adult females. Females were the holders of territories into which males moved to form pairs. Young males all emigrated. By 8 years old, maned wolves showed extreme tooth wear, and dental disease was a major cause of morbidity. Habitat loss is the chief conservation issue for the species, but drought-related resource loss appears to be reducing the study area population. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher Smithsonian Institution Scholarly Press en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology;639 en_US
dc.subject Maned wolf en_US
dc.subject Bolivia en_US
dc.subject Parque Nacional Noel Kempff Mercado en_US
dc.subject Zoology en_US
dc.title The Maned Wolves of Noel Kempff Mercado National Park
dc.type Book
dc.identifier.srbnumber 113945
dc.identifier.eISSN 1943-6696 en_US

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