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Methane emissions from upland forest soils and vegetation

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dc.contributor.author Megonigal, J. Patrick en
dc.contributor.author Guenther, A. B. en
dc.date.accessioned 2012-03-20T12:32:48Z
dc.date.available 2012-03-20T12:32:48Z
dc.date.issued 2008
dc.identifier.citation Megonigal, J. Patrick and Guenther, A. B. 2008. "<a href="https%3A%2F%2Frepository.si.edu%2Fhandle%2F10088%2F18213">Methane emissions from upland forest soils and vegetation</a>." <em>Tree Physiology</em>. 28:491&ndash;498. en
dc.identifier.issn 0829-318X
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10088/18213
dc.description.abstract Most work on methane (CH4) emissions from natural ecosystems has focused on wetlands because they are hotspots of CH4 production. Less attention has been directed toward upland ecosystems that cover far larger areas, but are assumed to be too dry to emit CH4. Here we review CH4 production and emissions in upland ecosystems, with attention to the influence of plant physiology on these processes in forests. Upland ecosystems are normally net sinks for atmospheric CH4 because rates of CH4 consumption exceed CH4 production. Production of CH4 in upland soils occurs in microsites and may be common in upland forest soils. Some forests switch from being CH4 sinks to CH4 sources depending on soil water content. Plant physiology influences CH4 cycling by modifying the availability of electron donors and acceptors in forest soils. Plants are the ultimate source of organic carbon (electron donor) that microbes process into CH4. The availability of O2 (electron acceptor) is sensitive to changes in soil water content, and therefore, to transpiration rates. Recently, abiotic production of CH4 from aerobic plant tissue was proposed, but has not yet been verified with independent data. If confirmed, this new source is likely to be a minor term in the global CH4 budget, but important to quantify for purposes of greenhouse gas accounting. A variety of observations suggest that our understanding of CH4 sources in upland systems is incomplete, particularly in tropical forests which are stronger sources then expected. en
dc.relation.ispartof Tree Physiology en
dc.title Methane emissions from upland forest soils and vegetation en
dc.type Journal Article en
dc.identifier.srbnumber 74525
rft.jtitle Tree Physiology
rft.volume 28
rft.spage 491
rft.epage 498
dc.description.SIUnit serc en
dc.citation.spage 491
dc.citation.epage 498

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