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Anthropogenic disturbance and landscape patterns affect diversity patterns of aquatic benthic macroinvertebrates

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dc.contributor.author Maloney, Kelly O. en
dc.contributor.author Munguia, Pablo en
dc.contributor.author Mitchell, Richard M. en
dc.date.accessioned 2012-02-10T14:41:36Z
dc.date.available 2012-02-10T14:41:36Z
dc.date.issued 2011
dc.identifier.citation Maloney, Kelly O., Munguia, Pablo, and Mitchell, Richard M. 2011. "<a href="https%3A%2F%2Frepository.si.edu%2Fhandle%2F10088%2F17720">Anthropogenic disturbance and landscape patterns affect diversity patterns of aquatic benthic macroinvertebrates</a>." <em>Journal of the North American Benthological Society</em>. 30 (1):284&ndash;295. <a href="https://doi.org/10.1899/09-112.1">https://doi.org/10.1899/09-112.1</a> en
dc.identifier.issn 0887-3593
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10088/17720
dc.description.abstract Measures of species diversity are valuable tools for assessing ecosystem health. However, most assessments have addressed individual sites or regional taxon pools, with few comparisons of differences in assemblage composition within or among regions. We examined the effects of anthropogenic disturbance on local richness (alpha diversity) and species turnover (beta diversity) of benthic macroinvertebrates in small streams within and between 2 ecoregions (Northern Piedmont vs Southeastern Plains ecoregions) of the Patuxent River basin (Maryland, USA). Regional species pools did not differ between ecoregions (Piedmont = 166 taxa, Plains = 162 taxa); however, local richness was lower in the Plains (mean = 17.4 taxa/stream) compared to the Piedmont (mean = 22.2 taxa/stream). When streams were categorized into disturbance classes (low, medium, high), local richness did not differ among categories for either region. However, at the entire Patuxent scale, local richness tended to decrease with % impervious cover in a watershed. Variation in species composition, analyzed with nonmetric multidimensional scaling (nMDS), differed significantly between Piedmont and Plains streams, and Plains streams had higher beta diversity than Piedmont streams. When partitioned by disturbance category and region, beta diversity differed only between the low-disturbance sites (Plains &gt; Piedmont). Relationships between beta diversity and environmental variables varied by region. beta diversity was weakly negatively related to % row-crop cover in a watershed at the entire Patuxent scale. For the Piedmont region, beta diversity tended to decrease with % forest, % pasture, and % row-crop cover in a watershed. Such negative relationships between beta diversity and landuse variables indicate a possible homogenization of the assemblage. The incongruence between diversity measures and composition measures, together with differing effects of anthropogenic land use on beta diversity in the 2 regions, emphasizes the need to incorporate both alpha and beta diversity and regional environmental factors in conservation/land management studies. en
dc.relation.ispartof Journal of the North American Benthological Society en
dc.title Anthropogenic disturbance and landscape patterns affect diversity patterns of aquatic benthic macroinvertebrates en
dc.type Journal Article en
dc.identifier.srbnumber 98997
dc.identifier.doi 10.1899/09-112.1
rft.jtitle Journal of the North American Benthological Society
rft.volume 30
rft.issue 1
rft.spage 284
rft.epage 295
dc.description.SIUnit SERC en
dc.description.SIUnit Peer-Reviewed en
dc.citation.spage 284
dc.citation.epage 295

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