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Calibrating the End-Permian Mass Extinction

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dc.contributor.author Shen, Shu-Zhong en
dc.contributor.author Crowley, James L. en
dc.contributor.author Wang, Yue en
dc.contributor.author Bowring, Samuel A. en
dc.contributor.author Erwin, Douglas H. en
dc.contributor.author Sadler, Peter M. en
dc.contributor.author Cao, Chang-qun en
dc.contributor.author Rothman, Daniel H. en
dc.contributor.author Henderson, Charles M. en
dc.contributor.author Ramezani, Jahandar en
dc.contributor.author Zhang, Hua en
dc.contributor.author Shen, Yanan en
dc.contributor.author Wang, Xiang-Dong en
dc.contributor.author Wang, Wei en
dc.contributor.author Mu, Lin en
dc.contributor.author Li, Wen-Zhong en
dc.contributor.author Tang, Yue-Gang en
dc.contributor.author Liu, Xiao-Lei en
dc.contributor.author Liu, Lu-Jun en
dc.contributor.author Zeng, Yong en
dc.contributor.author Jiang, Yao-Fa en
dc.contributor.author Jin, Yu-Gan en
dc.date.accessioned 2012-02-03T20:47:12Z
dc.date.available 2012-02-03T20:47:12Z
dc.date.issued 2011
dc.identifier.citation Shen, Shu-Zhong, Crowley, James L., Wang, Yue, Bowring, Samuel A., Erwin, Douglas H., Sadler, Peter M., Cao, Chang-qun, Rothman, Daniel H., Henderson, Charles M., Ramezani, Jahandar, Zhang, Hua, Shen, Yanan, Wang, Xiang-Dong, Wang, Wei, Mu, Lin, Li, Wen-Zhong, Tang, Yue-Gang, Liu, Xiao-Lei, Liu, Lu-Jun, Zeng, Yong, Jiang, Yao-Fa, and Jin, Yu-Gan. 2011. "<a href="https://repository.si.edu/handle/10088/17625">Calibrating the End-Permian Mass Extinction</a>." <em>Science</em>. 334 (6061):1367&ndash;1372. <a href="https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1213454">https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1213454</a> en
dc.identifier.issn 0036-8075
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10088/17625
dc.description.abstract The end-Permian mass extinction was the most severe biodiversity crisis in Earth history. To better constrain the timing, and ultimately the causes of this event, we collected a suite of geochronologic, isotopic, and biostratigraphic data on several well-preserved sedimentary sections in South China. High-precision U-Pb dating reveals that the extinction peak occurred just before 252.28 +/- 0.08 million years ago, after a decline of 2 per mil (parts per thousand) in delta(13)C over 90,000 years, and coincided with a delta(13)C excursion of -5 parts per thousand that is estimated to have lasted &lt;= 20,000 years. The extinction interval was less than 200,000 years and synchronous in marine and terrestrial realms; associated charcoal-rich and soot-bearing layers indicate widespread wildfires on land. A massive release of thermogenic carbon dioxide and/or methane may have caused the catastrophic extinction. en
dc.relation.ispartof Science en
dc.title Calibrating the End-Permian Mass Extinction en
dc.type Journal Article en
dc.identifier.srbnumber 109456
dc.identifier.doi 10.1126/science.1213454
rft.jtitle Science
rft.volume 334
rft.issue 6061
rft.spage 1367
rft.epage 1372
dc.description.SIUnit NMNH en
dc.description.SIUnit NH-Paleobiology en
dc.description.SIUnit Peer-reviewed en
dc.citation.spage 1367
dc.citation.epage 1372


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