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Contribution of subsurface peat to CO(2) and CH(4) fluxes in a neotropical peatland

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dc.contributor.author Wright, Emma L. en
dc.contributor.author Black, Colin R. en
dc.contributor.author Cheesman, Alexander W. en
dc.contributor.author Drage, Trevor en
dc.contributor.author Large, David en
dc.contributor.author Turner, Benjamin L. en
dc.contributor.author Sjoegersten, Sofie en
dc.date.accessioned 2011-12-20T14:44:46Z
dc.date.available 2011-12-20T14:44:46Z
dc.date.issued 2011
dc.identifier.citation Wright, Emma L., Black, Colin R., Cheesman, Alexander W., Drage, Trevor, Large, David, Turner, Benjamin L., and Sjoegersten, Sofie. 2011. "<a href="https://repository.si.edu/handle/10088/17524">Contribution of subsurface peat to CO(2) and CH(4) fluxes in a neotropical peatland</a>." <em>Global Change Biology</em>. 17 (9):2867&ndash;2881. <a href="https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2486.2011.02448.x">https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2486.2011.02448.x</a> en
dc.identifier.issn 1354-1013
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10088/17524
dc.description.abstract Tropical peatlands play an important role in the global carbon cycling but little is known about factors regulating carbon dioxide (CO(2)) and methane (CH(4)) fluxes from these ecosystems. Here, we test the hypotheses that (i) CO(2) and CH(4) are produced mainly from surface peat and (ii) that the contribution of subsurface peat to net C emissions is governed by substrate availability. To achieve this, in situ and ex situ CO(2) and CH(4) fluxes were determined throughout the peat profiles under three vegetation types along a nutrient gradient in a tropical ombrotrophic peatland in Panama. The peat was also characterized with respect to its organic composition using (13)C solid state cross-polarization magic-angle spinning nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. Deep peat contributed substantially to CO(2) effluxes both with respect to actual in situ and potential ex situ fluxes. CH(4) was produced throughout the peat profile with distinct subsurface peaks, but net emission was limited by oxidation in the surface layers. CO(2) and CH(4) production were strongly substrate-limited and a large proportion of the variance in their production (30% and 63%, respectively) was related to the quantity of carbohydrates in the peat. Furthermore, CO(2) and CH(4) production differed between vegetation types, suggesting that the quality of plant-derived carbon inputs is an important driver of trace gas production throughout the peat profile. We conclude that the production of both CO(2) and CH(4) from subsurface peat is a substantial component of the net efflux of these gases, but that gas production through the peat profile is regulated in part by the degree of decomposition of the peat. en
dc.relation.ispartof Global Change Biology en
dc.title Contribution of subsurface peat to CO(2) and CH(4) fluxes in a neotropical peatland en
dc.type Journal Article en
dc.identifier.srbnumber 102053
dc.identifier.doi 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2011.02448.x
rft.jtitle Global Change Biology
rft.volume 17
rft.issue 9
rft.spage 2867
rft.epage 2881
dc.description.SIUnit Peer-Reviewed en
dc.description.SIUnit STRI en
dc.citation.spage 2867
dc.citation.epage 2881

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