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Chytridiomycosis and amphibian population declines continue to spread eastward in Panamá

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dc.contributor.author Woodhams, Douglas en
dc.contributor.author Kilburn, Vanessa L. en
dc.contributor.author Reinert, Laura en
dc.contributor.author Voyles, Jamie en
dc.contributor.author Medina, Daniel en
dc.contributor.author Ibáñez, Roberto D. en
dc.contributor.author Hyatt, Alex en
dc.contributor.author Boyle, Donna en
dc.contributor.author Pask, James D. en
dc.contributor.author Green, David en
dc.contributor.author Rollins-Smith, Louise en
dc.date.accessioned 2011-04-21T16:40:16Z
dc.date.available 2011-04-21T16:40:16Z
dc.date.issued 2008
dc.identifier.citation Woodhams, Douglas, Kilburn, Vanessa L., Reinert, Laura, Voyles, Jamie, Medina, Daniel, Ibáñez, Roberto D., Hyatt, Alex, Boyle, Donna, Pask, James D., Green, David, and Rollins-Smith, Louise. 2008. "<a href="https://repository.si.edu/handle/10088/15967">Chytridiomycosis and amphibian population declines continue to spread eastward in Panamá</a>." <em>EcoHealth</em>, 5, (3) 268–274. <a href="https://doi.org/10.1007/s10393-008-0190-0">https://doi.org/10.1007/s10393-008-0190-0</a>. en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10088/15967
dc.description.abstract Abstract Chytridiomycosis is a globally emerging disease of amphibians and the leading cause of population declines and extirpations at species-diverse montane sites in Central America. We continued long-term monitoring efforts for the presence of the fungal pathogen Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd) and for amphibian populations at two sites in western Panama, and we began monitoring at three new sites to the east. Population declines associated with chytridiomycosis emergence were detected at Altos de Campana National Park. We also detected Bd in three species east of the Panama Canal at Soberanía National Park, and prevalence data suggests that Bd may be enzootic in the lowlands of the park. However, no infected frogs were found further east at Tortí (prevalence &lt;7.5% with 95% confidence). Our results suggest that Panama's diverse and not fully described amphibian communities east of the canal are at risk. Precise predictions of future disease emergence events are not possible until factors underlying disease emergence, such as dispersal, are understood. However, if the fungal pathogen spreads in a pattern consistent with previous disease events in Panama, then detection of Bd at Tortí and other areas east of the Panama Canal is imminent. Therefore, development of new management strategies and increased precautions for tourism, recreation, and biology are urgently needed. en
dc.relation.ispartof EcoHealth en
dc.title Chytridiomycosis and amphibian population declines continue to spread eastward in Panamá en
dc.type Journal Article en
dc.identifier.srbnumber 74420
dc.identifier.doi 10.1007/s10393-008-0190-0
rft.jtitle EcoHealth
rft.volume 5
rft.issue 3
rft.spage 268
rft.epage 274
dc.description.SIUnit NH-EOL en
dc.description.SIUnit STRI en
dc.citation.spage 268
dc.citation.epage 274

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