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One-third of reef-building corals face elevated extinction risk from climate change and local impacts

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dc.contributor.author Carpenter, Kent E. en
dc.contributor.author Abrar, Muhammad en
dc.contributor.author Aeby, Greta S. en
dc.contributor.author Aronson, Richard B. en
dc.contributor.author Banks, Stuart en
dc.contributor.author Bruckner, Andrew en
dc.contributor.author Chiriboga, Angel en
dc.contributor.author Cortes Nunez, Jorge en
dc.contributor.author Delbeek, J. Charles en
dc.contributor.author DeVantier, Lyndon en
dc.contributor.author Edgar, Graham J. en
dc.contributor.author Edwards, Alasdair J. en
dc.contributor.author Fenner, Douglas en
dc.contributor.author Guzmán, Héctor M. en
dc.contributor.author Hoeksema, Bert W. en
dc.contributor.author Hodgson, Gregor en
dc.contributor.author Johan, Ofri en
dc.contributor.author Licuanan, Wilfredo Y. en
dc.contributor.author Livingstone, Suzanne R. en
dc.contributor.author Lovell, Edward R. en
dc.contributor.author Moore, Jennifer A. en
dc.contributor.author Obura, David O. en
dc.contributor.author Ochavillo, Domingo en
dc.contributor.author Polidoro, Beth A. en
dc.contributor.author Precht, William F. en
dc.contributor.author Quibilan, Miledel C. en
dc.contributor.author Reboton, Clarissa en
dc.contributor.author Richards, Zoe T. en
dc.contributor.author Rogers, Alex D. en
dc.contributor.author Sanciangco, Jonnell en
dc.contributor.author Sheppard, Anne en
dc.contributor.author Sheppard, Charles en
dc.contributor.author Smith, Jennifer en
dc.contributor.author Stuart, Simon en
dc.contributor.author Turak, Emre en
dc.contributor.author Veron, John E. N. en
dc.contributor.author Wallace, Carden en
dc.contributor.author Weil, Ernesto en
dc.contributor.author Wood, Elizabeth en
dc.date.accessioned 2011-02-09T20:01:51Z
dc.date.available 2011-02-09T20:01:51Z
dc.date.issued 2008
dc.identifier.citation Carpenter, Kent E., Abrar, Muhammad, Aeby, Greta S., Aronson, Richard B., Banks, Stuart, Bruckner, Andrew, Chiriboga, Angel, Cortes Nunez, Jorge, Delbeek, J. Charles, DeVantier, Lyndon, Edgar, Graham J., Edwards, Alasdair J., Fenner, Douglas, Guzmán, Héctor M., Hoeksema, Bert W., Hodgson, Gregor, Johan, Ofri, Licuanan, Wilfredo Y., Livingstone, Suzanne R., Lovell, Edward R., Moore, Jennifer A., Obura, David O., Ochavillo, Domingo, Polidoro, Beth A., Precht, William F. et al. 2008. "<a href="https://repository.si.edu/handle/10088/11807">One-third of reef-building corals face elevated extinction risk from climate change and local impacts</a>." <em>Science</em>. 321 (5888):560&ndash;563. <a href="https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1159196">https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1159196</a> en
dc.identifier.issn 0036-8075
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10088/11807
dc.description.abstract The conservation status of 845 zooxanthellate reefbuilding coral species have been assessed using IUCN Red List Criteria. Of the 704 species that could be assigned conservation status, 32.8% are in categories with elevated risk of extinction. Declines in abundance are associated with bleaching and diseases driven by elevated sea surface temperatures, with extinction risk further exacerbated by local-scale anthropogenic disturbances. The proportion of corals threatened with extinction has increased dramatically in recent decades and exceeds most terrestrial groups. The Caribbean has the largest proportion of corals in high extinction risk categories while the Coral Triangle (western Pacific) has the highest proportion of species in all categories of elevated extinction risk. Our results emphasize the widespread plight of coral reefs and the urgent need to enact conservation measures. en
dc.relation.ispartof Science en
dc.title One-third of reef-building corals face elevated extinction risk from climate change and local impacts en
dc.type Journal Article en
dc.identifier.srbnumber 74235
dc.identifier.doi 10.1126/science.1159196
rft.jtitle Science
rft.volume 321
rft.issue 5888
rft.spage 560
rft.epage 563
dc.description.SIUnit STRI en
dc.citation.spage 560
dc.citation.epage 563


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