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Lithostratigraphy, biostratigraphy and chemostratigraphy of Upper Cretaceous sediments from southern Tanzania: Tanzania Drilling Project Sites 21 to 26

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dc.contributor.author Berrocoso, Álvaro Jiménez en
dc.contributor.author MacLeod, Kenneth G. en
dc.contributor.author Huber, Brian T. en
dc.contributor.author Lees, Jacqueline A. en
dc.contributor.author Wendler, Ines en
dc.contributor.author Bown, Paul R. en
dc.contributor.author Mweneinda, Amina K. en
dc.contributor.author Londoño, Carolina Isaza en
dc.contributor.author Singano, Joyce M. en
dc.date.accessioned 2010-11-26T19:35:40Z
dc.date.available 2010-11-26T19:35:40Z
dc.date.issued 2010
dc.identifier.citation Berrocoso, Álvaro Jiménez, MacLeod, Kenneth G., Huber, Brian T., Lees, Jacqueline A., Wendler, Ines, Bown, Paul R., Mweneinda, Amina K., Londoño, Carolina Isaza, and Singano, Joyce M. 2010. "<a href="https%3A%2F%2Frepository.si.edu%2Fhandle%2F10088%2F11276">Lithostratigraphy, biostratigraphy and chemostratigraphy of Upper Cretaceous sediments from southern Tanzania: Tanzania Drilling Project Sites 21 to 26</a>." <em>Journal of African Earth Sciences</em>. 57 (1-2):47&ndash;69. <a href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jafrearsci.2009.07.010">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jafrearsci.2009.07.010</a> en
dc.identifier.issn 1464-343X
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10088/11276
dc.description.abstract The 2007 drilling season by the Tanzania Drilling Project (TDP) reveals a much more expanded Upper Cretaceous sequence than was recognized previously in the Lindi region of southern Tanzania. This TDP expedition targeted recovery of excellently preserved microfossils (foraminifera and calcareous nannofossils) for Late Cretaceous paleoclimatic, paleoceanographic and biostratigraphic studies. A total of 501.17 m of core was drilled at six Upper Cretaceous sites (TDP Sites 21, 22, 23, 24, 24B and 26) and a thin Miocene-Pleistocene section (TDP Site 25). Microfossil preservation at all these sites is good to excellent, with foraminifera often showing glassy shells and consistently good preservation of small and delicate nannofossil taxa. In addition to adding to our knowledge of the subsurface geology, new surface exposures were mapped and the geological map of the region is revised herein. TDP Sites 24, 24B and 26 collectively span the upper Albian to lower-middle Turonian (planktonic foraminiferal Planomalina buxtorfi to Whiteinella archaeocretacea Zones and calcareous nannofossil zones UC0a to UC8a). The bottom of TDP Site 21 is barren, but the rest of the section represents the uppermost Cenomanian to Coniacian (W. archaeocretacea to Dicarinella concavata Zones and nannofossil zones UC5c to UC10). Bulk organic [delta] 13C data suggest recovery of part of Ocean Anoxic Event 2 (OAE2) from these four sites. In the upper part of this interval, the lower Turonian nannofossil zones UC6a-7 are characterized by a low-diversity nannoflora that may be related to OAE2 surface-water conditions. TDP Site 22 presents a 122-m-thick, lower-middle Turonian (W. archaeocretacea to H. helvetica Zones) sequence that includes the nannofossil zones UC6a(-7?), but invariable isotopic curves. Further, a lower to upper Campanian (Globotruncana ventricosa to Radotruncana calcarata Zones and nannofossil subzones UC15bTP to UC15dTP) succession was drilled at TDP Site 23. Lithologies of the new sites include thin units of gray, medium to coarse sandstones, separating much thicker intervals of dark claystones with organic-rich laminated parts, irregular silty to fine sandstone partings, and rare inoceramid and ammonite debris. These lithofacies are interpreted to have been deposited in outer shelf and upper slope settings and indicate relatively stable sedimentary conditions during most of the Late Cretaceous on the Tanzanian margin. en
dc.relation.ispartof Journal of African Earth Sciences en
dc.title Lithostratigraphy, biostratigraphy and chemostratigraphy of Upper Cretaceous sediments from southern Tanzania: Tanzania Drilling Project Sites 21 to 26 en
dc.type Journal Article en
dc.identifier.srbnumber 81633
dc.identifier.doi 10.1016/j.jafrearsci.2009.07.010
rft.jtitle Journal of African Earth Sciences
rft.volume 57
rft.issue 1-2
rft.spage 47
rft.epage 69
dc.description.SIUnit NH-Paleobiology en
dc.description.SIUnit NMNH en
dc.citation.spage 47
dc.citation.epage 69

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