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Is global ocean sprawl a cause of jellyfish blooms?

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dc.contributor.author Duarte, Carlos M. en
dc.contributor.author Pitt, Kylie A. en
dc.contributor.author Lucas, Cathy H. en
dc.contributor.author Purcell, Jennifer E. en
dc.contributor.author Uye, Shin-ichi en
dc.contributor.author Robinson, Kelly en
dc.contributor.author Brotz, Lucas en
dc.contributor.author Decker, Mary Beth en
dc.contributor.author Sutherland, Kelly R. en
dc.contributor.author Malej, Alenka en
dc.contributor.author Madin, Laurence en
dc.contributor.author Mianzan, Hermes en
dc.contributor.author Gili, Josep-Maria en
dc.contributor.author Fuentes, Veronica en
dc.contributor.author Atienza, Dacha en
dc.contributor.author Pagés, Francesc en
dc.contributor.author Breitburg, Denise L. en
dc.contributor.author Malek, Jennafer en
dc.contributor.author Graham, William M. en
dc.contributor.author Condon, Robert H. en
dc.date.accessioned 2016-10-26T23:23:34Z
dc.date.available 2016-10-26T23:23:34Z
dc.date.issued 2012
dc.identifier.citation Duarte, Carlos M., Pitt, Kylie A., Lucas, Cathy H., Purcell, Jennifer E., Uye, Shin-ichi, Robinson, Kelly, Brotz, Lucas, Decker, Mary Beth, Sutherland, Kelly R., Malej, Alenka, Madin, Laurence, Mianzan, Hermes, Gili, Josep-Maria, Fuentes, Veronica, Atienza, Dacha, Pagés, Francesc, Breitburg, Denise L., Malek, Jennafer, Graham, William M., and Condon, Robert H. 2012. "<a href="https%3A%2F%2Frepository.si.edu%2Fhandle%2F10088%2F29708">Is global ocean sprawl a cause of jellyfish blooms?</a>." <em>Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment</em>. 11 (2):91&ndash;97. <a href="https://doi.org/10.1890/110246">https://doi.org/10.1890/110246</a> en
dc.identifier.issn 1540-9295
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10088/29708
dc.description.abstract Jellyfish (Cnidaria, Scyphozoa) blooms appear to be increasing in both intensity and frequency in many coastal areas worldwide, due to multiple hypothesized anthropogenic stressors. Here, we propose that the proliferation of artificial structures associated with (1) the exponential growth in shipping, aquaculture, and other coastal industries, and (2) coastal protection (collectively, &quot;ocean sprawl&quot;) provides habitat for jellyfish polyps and may be an important driver of the global increase in jellyfish blooms. However, the habitat of the benthic polyps that commonly result in coastal jellyfish blooms has remained elusive, limiting our understanding of the drivers of these blooms. Support for the hypothesized role of ocean sprawl in promoting jellyfish blooms is provided by observations and experimental evidence demonstrating that jellyfish larvae settle in large numbers on artificial structures in coastal waters and develop into dense concentrations of jellyfish-producing polyps. Front Ecol Environ 2013; 11(2): 91-97, doi:10.1890/110246 (published online 7 Sep 2012) en
dc.relation.ispartof Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment en
dc.title Is global ocean sprawl a cause of jellyfish blooms? en
dc.type Journal Article en
dc.identifier.srbnumber 114939
dc.identifier.doi 10.1890/110246
rft.jtitle Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment
rft.volume 11
rft.issue 2
rft.spage 91
rft.epage 97
dc.description.SIUnit SERC en
dc.description.SIUnit Peer-reviewed en
dc.citation.spage 91
dc.citation.epage 97

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