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Himalayan fossils of the oldest known pantherine establish ancient origin of big cats

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dc.contributor.author Tseng, Z. Jack en
dc.contributor.author Wang, Xiaoming en
dc.contributor.author Slater, Graham J. en
dc.contributor.author Takeuchi, Gary T. en
dc.contributor.author Li, Qiang en
dc.contributor.author Liu, Juan en
dc.contributor.author Xie, Guangpu en
dc.date.accessioned 2015-04-20T15:15:32Z
dc.date.available 2015-04-20T15:15:32Z
dc.date.issued 2014
dc.identifier.citation Tseng, Z. Jack, Wang, Xiaoming, Slater, Graham J., Takeuchi, Gary T., Li, Qiang, Liu, Juan, and Xie, Guangpu. 2014. "<a href="http%3A%2F%2Frspb.royalsocietypublishing.org%2Fcontent%2F281%2F1774%2F20132686.full">Himalayan fossils of the oldest known pantherine establish ancient origin of big cats</a>." <em>Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences</em>. 281 (1774):<a href="https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2013.2686">https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2013.2686</a> en
dc.identifier.issn 0962-8452
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10088/25343
dc.identifier.uri http://rspb.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/281/1774/20132686.full
dc.description.abstract Pantherine felids ( big cats ) include the largest living cats, apex predators in their respective ecosystems. They are also the earliest diverging living cat lineage, and thus are important for understanding the evolution of all subsequent felid groups. Although the oldest pantherine fossils occur in Africa, molecular phylogenies point to Asia as their region of origin. This paradox cannot be reconciled using current knowledge, mainly because early big cat fossils are exceedingly rare and fragmentary. Here, we report the discovery of a fossil pantherine from the Tibetan Himalaya, with an age of Late Miocene Early Pliocene, replacing African records as the oldest pantherine. A total evidence phylogenetic analysis of pantherines indicates that the new cat is closely related to the snow leopard and exhibits intermediate characteristics on the evolutionary line to the largest cats. Historical biogeographic models provide robust support for the Asian origin of pantherines. The combined analyses indicate that 75% of the divergence events in the pantherine lineage extended back to the Miocene, up to 7 Myr earlier than previously estimated. The deeper evolutionary origin of big cats revealed by the new fossils and analyses indicate a close association between Tibetan Plateau uplift and diversification of the earliest living cats. en
dc.relation.ispartof Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences en
dc.title Himalayan fossils of the oldest known pantherine establish ancient origin of big cats en
dc.type Journal Article en
dc.identifier.srbnumber 117825
dc.identifier.doi 10.1098/rspb.2013.2686
rft.jtitle Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
rft.volume 281
rft.issue 1774
dc.description.SIUnit NH-Paleobiology en
dc.description.SIUnit NMNH en
dc.description.SIUnit Peer-reviewed en
dc.relation.url http://rspb.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/281/1774/20132686.full

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