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Climate change and dead zones

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dc.contributor.author Altieri, Andrew H. en
dc.contributor.author Gedan, Keryn B. en
dc.date.accessioned 2015-02-25T18:30:08Z
dc.date.available 2015-02-25T18:30:08Z
dc.date.issued 2015
dc.identifier.citation Altieri, Andrew H. and Gedan, Keryn B. 2015. "Climate change and dead zones." <em>Global Change Biology</em>. 21 (4):1395&ndash;1406. <a href="https://doi.org/10.1111/gcb.12754">https://doi.org/10.1111/gcb.12754</a> en
dc.identifier.issn 1354-1013
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10088/24372
dc.description.abstract Estuaries and coastal seas provide valuable ecosystem services but are particularly vulnerable to the co-occurring threats of climate change and oxygen-depleted dead zones. We analyzed the severity of climate change predicted for existing dead zones, and found that 94% of dead zones are in regions that will experience at least a 2 °C temperature increase by the end of the century. We then reviewed how climate change will exacerbate hypoxic conditions through oceanographic, ecological, and physiological processes. We found evidence that suggests numerous climate variables including temperature, ocean acidification, sea-level rise, precipitation, wind, and storm patterns will affect dead zones, and that each of those factors has the potential to act through multiple pathways on both oxygen availability and ecological responses to hypoxia. Given the variety and strength of the mechanisms by which climate change exacerbates hypoxia, and the rates at which climate is changing, we posit that climate change variables are contributing to the dead zone epidemic by acting synergistically with one another and with recognized anthropogenic triggers of hypoxia including eutrophication. This suggests that a multidisciplinary, integrated approach that considers the full range of climate variables is needed to track and potentially reverse the spread of dead zones. en
dc.relation.ispartof Global Change Biology en
dc.title Climate change and dead zones en
dc.type Journal Article en
dc.identifier.srbnumber 131065
dc.identifier.doi 10.1111/gcb.12754
rft.jtitle Global Change Biology
rft.volume 21
rft.issue 4
rft.spage 1395
rft.epage 1406
dc.description.SIUnit STRI en
dc.description.SIUnit Peer-reviewed en
dc.citation.spage 1395
dc.citation.epage 1406


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